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  • Adaptation Biology & Global Changes (LABG)

    Coordinator: Maria da Luz Mathias Overview LABG is dedicated to the analysis of the interactions between species and their environment with emphasis in the understanding of mechanisms allowing species to increase their performance and chances of survival. Physiological, behavioural, computational, molecular, in vitro culture, micropropagation, phytochemistry and molecular techniques together with fieldwork observation and experimentation are followed.Main research areasMonitoring and modelling biodiversity: Species richness, relative abundance and stress of small mammals in urban green areas Characterization, identification of aromatic plants Molecular identification of marine fungi Forensic entomology Spatial distribution and modelling of selected species Adaptation and adaptive processes: Origin and colonization of islands by small mammals Effects of urbanization on the ecology and behaviour of small mammals Swimming behaviour of water-dependent species Effect of habitat fragmentation in survival (using physiological, molecular and morphometric markers) Environmental quality: Parasite-host interactions and human health risk assessment Spatial modelling of small mammals and relationships with environmental factors Nematotoxics from essential oils Main study areas: Lisbon and surroundings, Portugal Azores archipelago, Portugal Madeira archipelago, Portugal Alentejo and Algarve provinces, Portugal Selected publications Please click here.

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  • Atmospheric Chemistry (LAC)

    Coordinator: Célia Alves Overview LAC has an extensive track record of international research funding, training and exchange of personnel. This clearly shows that its facilities have a broad international spirit and are used to receive and train a wide variety of post-graduated students and scientists. In addition, the group has an ample publication record in the area of atmospheric chemistry, in spite of the reduced number of staff elements, with more than 200 research papers published in international peer reviewed journals, many of them in the 80% or higher percentile in terms of impact factor in the area of environmental sciences. The research topics include measurement of organic aerosols, gas-particle equilibrium and conversion, source apportionment of aerosol particles, speciation of particulate organic species, marine aerosols and DMS, VOC emissions by forests, dry deposition of ozone and other gaseous pollutants, soiling of surfaces by carbonaceous aerosols, CO2 fluxes over vegetated surfaces, chemical modelling of photochemical pollution, indoor air pollution, biomass burning emissions, exhaust and non-exhaust emissions, etc. During the last years the group has participated in various EU funded research projects, namely Assessment of the European Terrestrial Carbon Balance (CARBOEUROPE-IP), European Integrated project on Aerosol Cloud Climate and Air Quality Interactions (EUCAARI), and the Life+ Testing and Development of Air Quality Mitigation Measures in Southern Europe (AIRUSE).

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  • Atmospheric Physics (LAP)

    Coordinator: José Castanheira Overview LAP is focused on climate change research and includes: i) diagnosis of climate change signal in the occurrence of precipitation extreme episodes; ii) analysis of water vapor exchange processes between the troposphere and stratosphere; iii) Assessment of upper troposphere/lower stratosphere baroclinicity change and multiple tropopause event trends; and iv) contribution of atmospheric circulation changes for the variability of total ozone column. Research is also carried out in the field of renewable energies through numerical weather simulations studies to evaluate/forecast renewable energy resources.

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  • Behavioural & Population Ecology (LABPE)

    Coordinator: José Pedro Granadeiro Overview LABPE is focused on using animals as monitors of environmental quality and investigate behavioural and ecological constraints on life-history traits of wild populations. Research involves a strong fieldwork and laboratory component (including advanced observational methods both in the field and at the lab, animal tagging and tracking, and dietary sampling) and a variety of analytical tools (GIS and spatially-explicit habitat modelling, stable isotope analysis, and advanced statistical techniques).Main research areasMigration ecology Migratory connectivity in bird populations (using biogeochemical markers and tracking devices) Factors affecting migratory trajectories Migratory behaviour: drivers and carry-over effects of individual decisions Structure and functioning of trophic webs Using bio-geochemical markers to unveil community structure in estuarine environments Sevelopment of mass-balance models to describe organic matter and energy flows in oceanic ecosystems Diet and foraging behaviour of shorebirds and seabirds Ecological role of birds in estuarine and marine trophic webs Trophic links: predation and parasitism Insect predator-prey dynamics and biological control of greenhouse pests Monitoring and conservation Long term population trends of shorebirds and seabirds Spatial modelling of bird distributions and relationships with environmental factors Impacts of fisheries on seabirds Identification of Marine Special Protection Areas (SPAs) Enhancing functional biodiversity in olive groves and vineyards Forensic entomology Sarcosaprophagous species identification in wildlife and veterinary contexts Main study areas Tejo estuary, Portugal Berlengas archipelago, Portugal Selvagens and Madeira archipelagos, Madeira, Portugal Falkland Islands, UK Bijagós archipelago, Guinea-Bissau Beiras provinces, Portugal Alentejo province, Portugal Selected Publications Please click here.Links https://sites.google.com/site/migratagis/https://sites.google.com/site/projectoalbatroz/https://sites.google.com/site/projectocalonectris/http://bulweria.wixsite.com/projectbulweriahttps://sites.google.com/site/projectoarenaria/www.calliphoridaekey.weebly.com

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  • Biochemistry & Physiology (BcP)

    Coordinator: Etelvina Figueira Overview Organisms have evolved unique strategies to cope with environmental challenges that affect their growth and survival. These range from morphological and physiological changes to biochemical alterations at the cellular level. The BcP Lab uses distinct species, including bacteria, freshwater microalgae, marine invertebrates and vertebrates (fish), to investigate how organisms respond to environmental stresses at different biological organization levels. The effects of these constraints are assessed using ecological (e.g. symbiosis, competition), physiological (larval development, respiration and clearance rates, regenerative capacity), biochemical (e.g. oxidative stress markers), and metabolomic (e.g. volatile metabolites) approaches in organisms exposed to single and combined exposures. In particular, we focuse on the effect of metals, contaminants of emerging concern (e.g., nanoparticles, pharmaceuticals, microplastics), phytocompounds and environmental factors related to climate changes (drought, salinity, temperature, pH) on organisms. These approaches may clarify the potential effects of different challenges on organisms as well as the mechanisms organisms may resort to tolerate the environmental conditions prevailing in a near future.

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  • Chemical Sensors

    Coordinator: Maria Teresa Gomes Content available soon...

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  • Conservation of Marine Vertebrates (CMV)

    Coordinator: Catarina Eira Overview The CMV Lab is focused on understanding the impacts of human activities on cetaceans, seabirds and marine turtles mainly in Continental Portugal and on shorebirds (or waders) across the East Atlantic Flyway. To detect changes in marine animal parameters it is essential to establish baseline data from which change can be evaluated. The improvement of the stranding network, shorebird monitoring schemes, the Marine Animal Tissue Bank and the rehabilitation facilities at ECOMARE, allow for a in depth analysis of the human-marine animal interface. Emerging diseases related to anthropogenic sources, are being increasingly recorded in marine animals. As a whole, long-term research on these top predators produces data on prey abundance, habitat quality, disease/parasite prevalence, pollutants or other contemporary ecosystem threats such as marine biotoxins and litter. Currently, one of the major concerns of the CMV lab is the relation of pathologies and contaminants of concern in the marine environment and the need for new monitoring and assessment strategies, such as the use of molecular biomarkers. As one of the most important aspects of assessing marine megafauna populations, the CMV Lab monitors abundance and distribution of several cetacean, seabird and shorebird species through different census and modeling methodologies. Several sea turtle parameters are being monitored by strandings and loggerhead turtle displacements are being monitored with satellite tracking. Migratory shorebirds and their connectivity between breeding locations in the artic and non-breading areas in the temperate and tropical zones are being tracked with geolocators, PTT and GPS/GSM devices. As a whole, these data contributes to several European directives’ reporting requirements, allowing for cooperation between academic and resource management institutions, as well as other "Ocean Users". The CMV Lab monitoring programs allow for adaptive management by contributing to mitigating the impacts of relevant economic activities such as fishing, energy and resource exploitation. Collaborative work with fisheries aiming at the development and application of adaptive measures to reduce bycatch is on-going.

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  • Eco-Hydrology

    Coordinators: Jan Jacob KeizerNelson Abrantes Overview The critical role of freshwater resources for human well-being has been widely recognized since long, especially in regions exposed to dry spells and droughts such as the Mediterranean Basin. The importance of soils and the ecosystem services that they provide to mankind, however, have by and large been ignored by society as a whole till relatively recently, in spite soils play a determining role in the terrestrial water cycle. Nonetheless, it is now broadly accepted that, worldwide, both freshwater and soil resources are heavily threatened by growing pressure from human exploitation - especially due to increasing population, changing socio-economic consumption patterns, and intensification of land use, supported by technological developments as well as scientific advances in agronomy and forestry - and that this is likely to be further aggravated in the future by the foreseeable changes in climate and associated changes in land use. To face these threats, there is an urgent need for in-depth knowledge and understanding of how water and soil resources are being affected by past and present land use, and how they will expectedly be affected by future land use.To address this need, EHL has as overarching aim to develop and test integrated approaches, combining measurements and modelling, to the assessment of the impacts of human activities on soil and water resources under present-day as well as likely future climate and socio-economic conditions.The scope of EHL’s research is to advance the eco-hydrological sciences that can and should underpin local, regional and national decision-making processes on sustainable land use and sustainable natural resources management in a global change context. Main areas of researchForest soils and hydrology:  Monitoring and model the impacts of changes in (planted) forest type and in forest management practices (e.g. logging and bench terracing) on soil physical, chemical and biological properties and processes as well as on runoff generating processes across spatial scales from (micro-)plots  to experimental catchments and regional river basins.Wildfires:  Measurement and prediction of the on- and off-site effects of wildfire regimes (fire frequency, recurrence interval, severity) and of traditional post-fire land management operations (e.g. logging and extraction of wood and logging residues) on terrestrial and down-stream aquatic ecosystems, integrating the effects on fauna (terrestrial and aquatic), vegetation, soils, biogeochemical cycles (in particular carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus) and geomorphological processes (in particular runoff generation, soil erosion, soil fertility losses and pollutant exports).Agricultural soil and surface water quality: Determination and simulation of the impacts of changes in agricultural land use/cover and in agricultural land management practices on soil quality (combining physical, chemical and biological indicators) and associated soil ecosystem services, with a special emphasis on surface water quality and availability;Innovative soil conservation measures: Design and test, especially under field conditions, of novel land-use practices that enhance soil ecosystem services by preventing (further) soil degradation or restoring degraded soil, such as the application onto recently burnt soils of forest logging residues (“mulching”) or the incorporation of biochar into agricultural soils that are drought-prone or vulnerable to erosion by water or wind.

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  • Ecotoxicogenomics

    Coordinator: Mónica Amorim Overview The Ecotoxicogenomics Lab aims to understand the underlying molecular mechanisms to stressors in environmental organisms. The approach includes an integration of the different levels of organization, linking molecular and whole organism, building onto Adverse Outcome Pathways (AOP), envisaging a systems biology/toxicology. Main research tools foccus on differential gene expression (via next generation sequencing, microarray, qPCR) and the related bioinformatics. As an example, a de novo transcriptome was assembled for a standard soil species (E. crypticus) and implemented in a high-throughput microarray tool. The genomics is integrated with a suite of additional endpoints for effect assessment at the cellular and organism level, e.g. using the standard OECD/ISO ecotoxicity tests. The research is supported by extensive international collaboration. Links Enchytraeid library database

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  • Emissions, Modelling & Climate Change (GEMAC)

    Coordinator: Ana Isabel Miranda Overview GEMAC is dedicated to the analysis and modelling of atmospheric processes.  Air quality modelling activities include emission modelling, source apportionment modelling, improvement of air quality forecasting systems, and implementation of tools among different modelling scales (from global to local). Numerical modelling activities are complemented with physical modelling in a wind tunnel laboratory. Climate change impacts on air pollution and on human health are also addressed. GEMAC complements Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry's research on human exposure to atmospheric pollutants through the development of methodologies for the quantification of human exposure levels (indoor and outdoor) and its integration with local and urban models.

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  • Environmental Biomonitoring (BIOMON)

    Coordinator: Carlos Barroso Overview BIOMON investigates temporal and spatial changes in biological systems (e.g., populations, communities, ecosystems) resulting from anthropogenic activities. The team works on essential aspects regarding environmental quality monitoring, namely: i) validation of biomarkers and bioindicators for marine and estuarine pollution monitoring; ii) study of the dynamics of cyanobacterial blooms for prediction and mitigation of impacts caused by pollutants in a global warming context; iii) assessment of ocean warming and acidification effects on marine fauna (e.g. malformation of non-skeletal biogenic carbonates); and iv) study of subterranean ecosystems.

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  • Environmental Contaminants Assessment & Remediation (LOCS)

    Coordinator: Maria Teresa Gomes Overview The main objective of the LOCS is the development of new chemical sensors tailored for specific applications. Main research areas Transducers based sensors:                                                                              Acoustic wave sensors Potentiometric sensors Amperometric sensors Optical sensors New sensing materials:  Plasticized PVC/ionophores Molecularly imprinted polymers Conducting polymers Pyrrole based synthetized molecules and polyoxometalates Enzymes Aptamers Arrays of sensors: Electronic noses Electronic tongues Relevant publicationsFood• Wine: CO2 andSO2 in winequantification of copper, leadcadmium and irontotal acidity, organic acids, total phenolics, phenolic fractions, classification according to the originPorto wine age predictionMadeira wine age predictionmonitorization of microoxygenation and maceration with oak woodbitterness assessmentastringency assessment• Beer: quantification of main parameters (fermentation degree, total phenolics, α-acids, etc.)taste assessment.• Packaging materials: gas sorption, metal contamination by containers: contamination of food cooked in copperor aluminum pansaluminium migration from the can to the beveragesiron migration from tinplate cans.• Fruits and vegetables: spoilage detectiondiscrimination of onions and shallots, recognition of cultivars and quantification of the main compounds of apples and tomatoes• Fish: spoilage detectionspecies recognition and spoilage detection• Vegetable oil: spoilage detection, classification according to the origin• Pesticide residues: diphenylamine detection• Dairy products: detection of butter rancidity by flavour sensing,  discrimination between cheese varietiesseparating cheeses according to milk originmilk spoilage detection,mastitis detection• Honey: determination of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural• Coffee: classification according to the blend, taste assessment• Soda: classification, taste assessment• Spirits: classification according to the brand, contaminants detection, age prediction• Mineral waters: quantification of the main ions• Shellfish: quantification of toxins• Cork: contamination detectionEnvironment• Cyanide in industrial waste waters• VOCs• Carbon monoxide in exhausting gases• Metal contamination: measurement of transition metals’ activity in seawater, quantification of chromium(VI)vanadiumuranium and iron at different oxidation states and rare earth metalshardness in tap wateraluminium determination in drinking water• Anions in water: Fluoride, phosphate, sulphate• Ammonium ion in water• Copper toxicity to estuarine bacteria• Shellfish toxins´ detection• Direct toxicity assessment of transition metalsPharmaceuticals and health• Contamination of glycerol with diethylene glycol• Lead absorption by porcine skin• Halitosis evaluation• Drug permeation through skin• Bitter taste intensity assessmenttaste masking of active pharmaceutical ingredientscomparison of the electronic tongue with alternative method of bitterness assessmentDetection of phase transitions• Obtaining Au-Hg phase diagram• Following HPMC gelation• Biodiesel pour point determination• Milk coagulation• Pasting of maize and rice starchIndustrial analysis• Fermentation monitoringearly detection of process deviations from N.O.C.quantification of key parametersdiscrimination of microorganismsEducation in chemistry• Determination of the Faraday Constant• Corrosion studies Prototypes• Cells for acoustic wave sensors for: Voltammetric studies, Flow injection studies, Permeation studies, Potentiometric electronic tongue  

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  • Environmental Risk Assessment (RISKA)

    Coordinator: Fernando Gonçalves Overview The activities of the RISKA focus mainly on: (i) assessing the suitability of toxicity parameters associated with pesticides, derived in temperate climates, for Ecological Risk Assessment under tropical conditions; (ii) the utilization of European Ecological Risk Assessment schemes for contaminated sites (abandoned mine areas), in order to improve quantity and quality of data gathered and also a progressive reduction in the uncertainty of the evaluations; (iii) studying the environmental effects of nanomaterials, and other emerging and/or persistent pollutants (POPs), after their release in the aquatic environments as well as their interactions with representatives from different trophic levels; (iv) understanding how alien fish and mollusc species interact with the native species, in order to fully comprehend their impacts and interactions with other environmental stressors and to propose future mitigation measures; (v) the development of mechanistic approaches to model and describe effects of different types of environmental stressors in organisms, including the development of a multi-biomarker approach for aquatic monitoring in a multi-pollution context; vi) the development of a strategy integrating multilevel biological endpoints for use in ecological risk assessment); (vii) merging ecological theory with ecotoxicology, by assessing ecologically relevant endpoints and scenarios, focusing on contaminant impacts on biotic interactions and taking into consideration adaptation to stressors; and (viii) assessment of causal links between with biodiversity, ecosystem functions and ecosystem services and how they are modulated by environmental pressures.

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  • Functional Responses to Emerging Chemicals (FREC)

    Coordinator: Amadeu Soares Overview FREC LAb is mainly focused on generating knew knowledge on the impacts of environmental perturbations (either occurring naturally or caused by anthropogenic activities) in the biological processes, functions and characteristics of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem. This involves the use of organisms from different functional and trophic groups within a biomarker-based quantification and field based in situ approaches. Concomitantly, it is also aimed to develop tools to: (i) promote ecological relevancy in risk assessment and management processes, and, (ii) be applied in EU legislation (e.g. REACH, Water framework Directive). A multidisciplinary team of researchers constitutes FREC lab, with expertise in: ecological risk assessment, evolutionary ecotoxicology, biomonitoring, bioremediation, environmental education.

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  • Fungal & Plant Biology

    Coordinator: Artur Alves Overview The Fungal & Plant Biology Lab aims to understand plant responses to environmental stress and to unravel diversity of fungal plant pathogens as well as their interaction with hosts and the environment. An integrative approach from (eco)physiology in combination with omics methodologies is followed to allow a broad understanding of these processes and provide a solid basis to help a sustainable environment/economy in a global change context. Emphasis is on ecological/socio-economical relevant species and strong interaction with stakeholders is a key approach.

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  • Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture

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  • Integrated Planning (LIP)

    Coordinator: Peter Cornelis Roebeling Overview Terrestrial, freshwater, coastal and marine ecosystems are linked through a number of bio-physical as well as socio-economic and political-institutional processes that are, in turn, affected by pressures from global change. These linkages constitute a host of mutual benefits as well as a range of negative impacts and hazards, potentially leading to tensions, conflicts and welfare losses. A core challenge lies in the provision of research support aiming at risk reductions from environmental hazards in socio-ecological systems at the land-sea interface, through more sustainable and resilient use and management of natural resources and ecosystem services that sustain economies, societies and human well-being.The overall objective of the LIP is to develop cutting edge trans-disciplinary approaches as well as impact in the area of sustainable and resilient environmental and natural resources planning and management in linked terrestrial, freshwater, coastal and marine socio-ecological systems.The scope of our research is to advance socio-economic and political-institutional sciences that underpin integrated and adaptive management approaches, and to develop novel methods for integrated explorative, predictive and facilitative approaches that support private and public sectors in the implementation of the principles of environmental sustainability, economic efficiency and social equity in catchment, coastal and marine resources planning and management. Main research areas Integrated Catchment, Coastal and Marine Planning, Management and Governance Spatial Planning for Protected Areas and Ecosystem Services Terrestrial, Coastal and Marine Resource Uses and Futures Sustainable Urbanizing Landscape Development Coastal Erosion and Adaptation Strategies Coastal Tourism and Management Pollution Management Selected publications Together with additional information available here.

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  • Marine & Estuarine Ecology

    Coordinators:Henrique QueirogaMarina CunhaVictor Quintino Main research areas Biogeochemistry of estuaries and upwelling systems: Development and application of coupled oceanographic and ecological models to understand and forecast biogeochemical cycles in estuarine and upwelling systems.Deep-sea processes, natural resources and ecosystems: Distribution and diversity of organisms and habitats in relation to natural drivers and human impact Biological capacity of key species, and their potential to support ecosystem functioning Larval dispersal, recruitment and connectivity: Spatial scale of metapopulational units in the marine environment, using high-frequency sampling of larval supply, genetic and geochemical markers and biophysical numerical models Large scale patterns of genetic and species diversity Ecosystem health and habitat mapping: Modelling and mapping of estuarine and coastal shelf benthic habitats Bio-assessment of estuarine and coastal ecosystems to natural and anthropogenic disturbance Food web ecology FisheriesConservation: Scientific basis for the definition and management of ecologically coherent networks of marine protected areas. 

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  • Marine Geology & Geophysics (LMGG)

    Coordinator: Luis Pinheiro Overview LMGG research focuses on coastal and deep sea geological processes, mineral and energy resources, hazards, and their impacts on ecosystems and populations. Research on geological hazards is focused on coastal erosion and shoreline retreat, and the characterisation of areas of high seismic risk. Research on marine mineral and energy resources includes sand and gravel in the continental shelf, Co-rich polymetallic crusts and nodules, hydrocarbons (oil gas and gas hydrates), and assessment of impacts of offshore exploitation/dredging activities.

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  • Marine Lipidomics

    Coordinator: Rosário Domingues Content available soon...

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  • Marine Microbiology & Biotechnology

    Coordinator: Adelaide Almeida Overview Molecular tools are used to develop strategies of biocontrol of pathogens in aquaculture systems, for source-tracing of marine products and for the analysis of genetic resources and bioactive compounds produced by marine microbes that can be used in industrial or bioremediation applications. The bioprospecting of marine invertebrates and macrophytes is also addressed, with emphasis on biomass produced under controlled conditions to secure replicability and avoid the loss of the source.Biossurfactant production by marine bacteria, particularly under oxygen limiting conditions, is being optimized by co-cultivation with inducer strains and by use of low-cost carbon sources. Biological activity of the produced biossurfactants is being tested in the perspective of their use as quorum-sensing inhibitors and environmentally agents of biofilm control.The lab also uses phage therapy and photodynamic therapy as alternative environmentally friendly methods to control fish and bivalve diseases in aquaculture. Marine Microbiology and Biotechnology Lab also make routine analysis of microbiological quality, namely to evaluate the quality of final products (e.g. fish, bivalves and water) but also during the implementation/monitorization of procedures (e.g. depuration of bivalves, HACCP programs). 

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  • Marine Primary Production

    Coordinator: João Serôdio Main Research areas Photosynthetic carbon fixation in estuarine habitats: Photosynthetic responses to environmental stress in microphytobenthos and phytoplankton Photoprotection, photoinhibition and repair mechanisms Ecosystem-level primary production budgets. Algal functional diversity and evolution: Biodiversity of photoprotective processes in green algae Multi-stressor and spectral responses Evolution of functional kleptoplasty in Sacoglossa Physiological and behavioural photoprotection Symbiodinium diversity, eco-physiology, life history: Algae-bacteria interactions Symbiodinium as driver of microbial calcification Eco-physiology and oxidative stress Distribution and ecology of free-living Symbiodinium in coral reef environments New methods for studying photosynthetic processes and primary productivity: Measurement of PSII activity and improvement of primary production proxies High-throughput approaches for photosynthetic phenotyping based on 2D imaging of chlorophyll fluorescence.  

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  • Microbial & Cell Biology

    Coordinator: Isabel Henriques Overview The Microbial & Cell Biology Lab is focused on responses of microorganisms or cell cultures to pollutants. With skills and competences in characterisation of microbiomes, analysis of genomes and proteomes, the main lines of research include bacterial antibiotic resistance, responses of microbial communities to antibiotics as emerging pollutants in water systems, dynamics of microbial communities in response to stressors and horizontal gene transfer. The Lab includes researchers with expertise in eukaryotic cell biology, particularly interested on assessing the effects of aluminium on cell communication and signalling and development of new in vitro cell models.

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  • Molecular Biotechnology

    Coordinator: Sónia Mendo Overview The Molecular Biotechnology Lab investigates, at the molecular level, different biological processes. The team is focused on: i) searching for new antibacterials and understanding their biosynthesis to generate novel compounds through directed evolution approaches; ii) understanding the genotoxic effects of environmental contaminants in bioindicator species and iii) investigate bacterial resistance to xenobiotics using transcriptomics approaches.

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  • Organic Pollutants & Natural Organic Matter

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  • Physical Oceanography (LPO)

    Coordinator: Jesus Dubert Overview LPO research concentrates on ocean circulation along the Portuguese coast and EEZ and combines numerical modelling and observations at three main scales: large scale (NE Atlantic circulation), coastal circulation (Iberian Upwelling Ecosystem - IUE), and estuaries. Key problems addressed comprise the understanding of the mechanisms of open ocean and coastal circulation with emphasis on the links between these two, through nesting techniques. Extensive studies of estuarine systems along the Iberian coast are being carried out, including the development of innovative monitoring and advanced modelling of systems and processes, for coastal environmental sustainability assessment. Coastal water research also includes observations and modelling of gravity waves in the near shore, sediment transport and bar system evolution.

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  • Resources Management (LRM)

    Coordinator: Maria Isabel Capela Overview The LRM scope of R&D has been in the field of resources accounting and energetic and material valorization of biomass and residues. The goal is to support the development and implementation of procedures, products and processes that fulfill the new challenges of the industrial ecology and circular economy. For that purpose the LRM team has been developing several tools, experimental and demonstration research facilities in these fields, which allows supporting the fundamental research and the applied research in co-operation with industrial and public stakeholders, both at the national and international level. Main Research areasResources accountingTo develop and test novel resource-accounting approaches and methods, with an emphasis on quantification of GHG balances for forests and their products; to develop methodologies for life cycle sustainability assessment, including carbon and water foot printing, as well as to apply life cycle thinking tools to agricultural, forest and industrial products. Energetic and material valorization of biomass and residuesTo research innovative solutions for energetic valorization of residual biomass and residues from agriculture, forestry and industry with cost-effective and environmentally-sustainable methods, with an emphasis on: Technologies for thermochemical conversion (pyrolysis, gasification and combustion) Technologies for biological anaerobic treatment of wastewaters and organic residues Integrated solutions for management of ashes from thermochemical conversion of biomass to energy, and for management of biosolids and other liquid and solid residues for materials recovery, with emphasis on the production of added value compounds or recycling of nutrients to the soil. Selected work Forest/agriculture resourcesBiomass combustion BFB reactor (25 kWth)Biomass gasification BFB reactor (75 kWth)

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  • Toxicology & Cytometry (TCL)

    Coordinator: Mário Pacheco Overview TCL is focused on the understanding of toxicity mechanisms of the main classes of contaminants (e.g. metals, PAHs, pesticides, nanomaterials - NM) and biotoxins, in a wide range of organisms, from bacteria, dinoflagellates, crustacean and fish up to mammalian/human systems. Adopting in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo approaches. The processes addressed encompass oxidative stress, biotransformation, endocrine disruption, neurotoxicity and genotoxicity, keeping in view an integrative interpretation of toxicity pathways.

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  • Wildlife Management & Conservation (WMAC)

    Coordinator:  Carlos Fonseca Overview WMAC is focused on monitoring, conservation and management of wildlife populations, involving different perspectives that range from spatial, trophic, population, disease ecology, genetic, phylogeographic and evolutionary to human dimension, science outreach and public involvement approaches. WMAC research encompasses different state-of-the-art methodological approaches that include molecular ecology, Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing, advanced statistical techniques, satellite radio-tracking and field work monitoring, among others. WMAC research is implemented in a wide range of environments (Mediterranean forest, Neotropical Rainforest, African Savannas, Cerrado, Pantanal, etc.), covering most of world’s regions (South and North America, Europe, Africa). Main research areasWildlife conservation in Agriculture Landscapes Spatial ecology of carnivores in Neotropical production forests and Mediterranean Agroforestry systems (e.g. “Montado”) Mammals’ population structure, guild interactions and predator-prey relations in agriculture landscapes Trophic approaches to carnivores adaptation to agriculture systems Wildlife monitoring Use of molecular, GIS and modelling tools for monitoring and assessing the conservation status of target wildlife populations; Design of conservation and management measures and integrated plans aimed at specific populations and contexts. Ecology of infectious diseases in wildlife Ungulates as disease reservoirs and dispersers. Role of ungulates in the epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance bacteria at the human-livestock-wildlife interface. New approaches to wildlife diseases research: beyond the “one-pathogen one-disease” paradigm   Human Dimension of Conservation Beliefs, Perceptions, Attitudes, Tolerance and Behavior towards large carnivores Bio-ecology of wild carnivore species and effects induced by land use, human pressure, climatic, environmental and ecological factors Science communication and outreach Conservation policy; Adult and youth education for biodiversity conservation Management of educational services and pedagogical strategies Communication plans for public and private institutions Analysis of social perception and engagement on nature conservation topics Making liaison between science and society through public and private bodies, and local communities Printed and digital media for science communication Multimedia tools in the dissemination of science Population genetics, molecular ecology and phylogeography of wildlife populations Analysis of genetic patterns of wildlife populations and interpretation of the processes behind the patterns, in a context of wildlife management and conservation; Genetic structure, diversity and phylogeography of the European wild ungulate and carnivore species; Effect of landscape features on the genetic connectivity of populations (landscape genetics). Main study areas Iberian Peninsula Europa Neotrópicos África  Selected Publications and Projects Please click here. Links WebsiteFacebook

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CESAM Funding: