CESAM celebrates the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer highlighting the project EMERGE
Published in 16/9/2020
The ozone layer is a fragile shield of gas that protects the globe by absorbing 95% of the ultraviolet B radiation which is responsible for deleterious effects in living beings ultimately leading to death. This way, the ozone layer is crucial to preserve life on Earth.
Recently, there have been improvements in the protection of the ozone layer through the gradual elimination of chemical products that destroy it and that are also strong greenhouse gases. The latest analysis points out that the ozone layer has been recovering at a rate of 1-3% per decade since 2000. This success is related to the Montreal Protocol (1987) on substances that lead to the destruction of the ozone layer. On the scope of this protocol, 197 signatory countries are compromised with the replacement of these substances. Presently, Montreal Protocol is the only environmental multilateral agreement with a universal adoption, being an inspiration on how Humanity is able to cooperate to face global challenges as well as an instrument to face the real climatic crisis.
The project EMERGE – Evaluation, control and mitigation of the environmental impacts of shipping emissions, funded by the European Commission under the Horizon 2020 program, aims to develop effective strategies and measures to reduce the environmental impact of shipping. At the University of Aveiro, this project gathers a multidisciplinary team of members of CESAM – Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies, that will measure and model the pollutant emissions of shipping, aiming to evaluate the impacts of these emissions in the water and in the air. This team will also contribute to the definition of mitigation measures along the main shipping routes and on sensitive marine regions of Europe. One of the study cases is the Port of Aveiro and the Lagoon of Aveiro as an ecosystem with a particular interest. The results of this project will be presented as recommendations and guidance for stakeholders and decision-makers useful to draw cost-beneficial options for a sustainable use of shipping on the medium and long term. This will be a major contribution to resolve the climatic crisis particularly giving the relevance of shipping on global transportation.
The team of the project EMERGE