- Authors: Le Bris N., Arnaud-Haond S., Beaulieu S., Cordes E., Hilario A., Rogers A., van de Gaever S., Watanabe H.
- Book Author: Group of Experts of the Regular Process
- Editors: Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea, United Nations
- Title: The First Global Integrated Marine Assessment
- Chapter Title: Chapter 45. Hydrothermal Vents and Cold Seeps
- Year Published: 2016
- link: http://www.un.org/depts/los/global_reporting/WOA_RegProcess.htm