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title New climatic targets against global warming: will the maximum 2 degrees C temperature rise affect estuarine benthic communities?
authors Crespo, D; Grilo, TF; Baptista, J; Coelho, JP; Lillebo, AI; Cassio, F; Fernandes, I; Pascoal, C; Pardal, MA; Dolbeth, M
author full name Crespo, Daniel; Grilo, Tiago Fernandes; Baptista, Joana; Coelho, Joao Pedro; Lillebo, Ana Isabel; Cassio, Fernanda; Fernandes, Isabel; Pascoal, Claudia; Pardal, Miguel Angelo; Dolbeth, Marina
title New climatic targets against global warming: will the maximum 2 degrees C temperature rise affect estuarine benthic communities?
nationality internacional
source SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
language English
document type Article
keywords plus MARINE BIODIVERSITY; ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION; MACROBENTHIC COMMUNITIES; MESOCOSM EXPERIMENTS; MITIGATION MEASURES; SEDIMENT REWORKING; FIELD EXPERIMENT; MACROFAUNA; DIVERSITY; MODEL
abstract The Paris Agreement signed by 195 countries in 2015 sets out a global action plan to avoid dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to remain below 2 degrees C. Under that premise, in situ experiments were run to test the effects of 2 degrees C temperature increase on the benthic communities in a seagrass bed and adjacent bare sediment, from a temperate European estuary. Temperature was artificially increased in situ and diversity and ecosystem functioning components measured after 10 and 30 days. Despite some warmness effects on the analysed components, significant impacts were not verified on macro and microfauna structure, bioturbation or in the fluxes of nutrients. The effect of site/ habitat seemed more important than the effects of the warmness, with the seagrass habitat providing more homogenous results and being less impacted by warmness than the adjacent bare sediment. The results reinforce that most ecological responses to global changes are context dependent and that ecosystem stability depends not only on biological diversity but also on the availability of different habitats and niches, highlighting the role of coastal wetlands. In the context of the Paris Agreement it seems that estuarine benthic ecosystems will be able to cope if global warming remains below 2 degrees C.
author address [Crespo, Daniel; Grilo, Tiago Fernandes; Pardal, Miguel Angelo] Univ Coimbra, Dept Life Sci, CFE, P-3000456 Coimbra, Portugal; [Grilo, Tiago Fernandes] Univ Lisbon, Fac Ciencias, Lab Maritimo Guia, MARE Marine & Environm Sci Ctr, Av Nossa Senhora do Cabo 939, P-2750374 Cascais, Portugal; [Coelho, Joao Pedro; Dolbeth, Marina] CIIMAR Interdisciplinary Ctr Marine & Environm R, Novo Edificio Terminal Cruzeiros Porto Leixoes, P-4450208 Matosinhos, Portugal; [Coelho, Joao Pedro] Univ Aveiro, Dept Chem, Campus Univ Santiago, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal; [Coelho, Joao Pedro; Lillebo, Ana Isabel; Dolbeth, Marina] Univ Aveiro, CESAM, Campus Univ Santiago, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal; [Lillebo, Ana Isabel; Dolbeth, Marina] Univ Aveiro, Dept Biol, Campus Univ Santiago, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal; [Cassio, Fernanda; Fernandes, Isabel; Pascoal, Claudia] Univ Minho, Dept Biol, Ctr Mol & Environm Biol CBMA, Campus Gualtar, P-4710057 Braga, Portugal; [Cassio, Fernanda; Fernandes, Isabel; Pascoal, Claudia] Univ Minho, Inst Sci & Innovat Biosustainabil IB S, Campus Gualtar, P-4710057 Braga, Portugal
reprint address Crespo, D (reprint author), Univ Coimbra, Dept Life Sci, CFE, P-3000456 Coimbra, Portugal.
e-mail address daniel.crespo@uc.pt
researcherid number Pardal, Miguel Angelo/C-3984-2009; CBMA, CBMA/J-1937-2016; Cassio, Fernanda/A-6653-2011; Fernandes, Isabel/F-3975-2014; Grilo, Tiago/C-4482-2013; Crespo, Daniel/O-2627-2017; Pascoal, Claudia/C-4072-2009
orcid number Pardal, Miguel Angelo/0000-0001-6048-7007; CBMA, CBMA/0000-0002-2841-2678; Cassio, Fernanda/0000-0003-3924-3280; Fernandes, Isabel/0000-0002-5904-0408; Grilo, Tiago/0000-0003-3403-4287; Crespo, Daniel/0000-0003-4402-5229; Pascoal, Claudia/0000-0002-2018-4201; Lillebo Batista, Ana Isabel/0000-0002-5228-0329; Dolbeth, Marina/0000-0002-8775-0351
funding agency and grant number FCT (Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology) [SFRH/BD/80252/2011, SFRH/BPD/98590/2013, SFRH/BPD/102870/2014, SFRH/BPD/97656/2013]; BIOCHANGED project [PTDC/MAR/111901/2009]; European Social Fund and MCTES (Portuguese Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education), through the POPH (Human Potential Operational Programme); QREN (National Strategic Reference Framework); COMPETE (Programa Operacional Factores de Competitividade); CESAM [UID/AMB/50017/2013]; FCT/MEC through national funds; FEDER, within the PT2020 Partnership Agreement; Compete 2020
funding text The authors would like to thank P. Cardoso, S. Leston e M. D'Ambrosio who helped in field and laboratorial work. This research was supported by FCT (Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology), through the grants attributed to D Crespo (SFRH/BD/80252/2011), T F Grilo (SFRH/BPD/98590/2013), J P Coelho (SFRH/BPD/102870/2014), I Fernandes (SFRH/BPD/97656/2013), to Investigador FCT programme attributed to M. Dolbeth (IF/00919/2015) and BIOCHANGED project (PTDC/MAR/111901/2009), subsidized by the European Social Fund and MCTES (Portuguese Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education), through the POPH (Human Potential Operational Programme), QREN (National Strategic Reference Framework) and COMPETE (Programa Operacional Factores de Competitividade). Thanks are also due, for the financial support to CESAM (UID/AMB/50017/2013), to FCT/MEC through national funds, and the co-funding by the FEDER, within the PT2020 Partnership Agreement and Compete 2020.
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cited reference count 71
publisher NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
publisher city LONDON
publisher address MACMILLAN BUILDING, 4 CRINAN ST, LONDON N1 9XW, ENGLAND
issn 2045-2322
29-character source abbreviation SCI REP-UK
iso source abbreviation Sci Rep
publication date JUN 20
year published 2017
volume 7
article number 3918
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1038/s41598-017-04309-0
subject category 14
document delivery number Multidisciplinary Sciences
unique article identifier Science & Technology - Other Topics