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Financing sources and corresponding allocation

Funding for CESAM research activities derives mainly from two sources:
(i)
research projects, national and international, which are submitted by the members, individually or in groups;
(ii)
Portuguese Government, through the Ministry Education and Science and national agency for science and technology (FCT). 

Project funds are managed by the Principal Investigator of the project.
Governmental funds depend on the Research Unit evaluation results, and are calculated considering the number of integrated members that devote at least 20% of their time to research activities. These government funds are managed by the CESAM boards, and are distributed according to the following set of rules:
   ● Fraction 1: reserved for the fulfillment of salaries and corresponding obligations of researchers and technicians hired under the contract with FCT.
   ● Fraction 2: for the management costs of CESAM, estimated at 10% after subtracting the amount of fraction 1. The amount of € 10 000 is added to this fraction, to support conferences organization and journals publication, in accordance with the provisions in CESAM's regulations.
   ● Fraction 3: remaining amount for distribution to integrated members of CESAM, divided taking into account three components: 30% of the budget is pegged to the number of integrated members, 40% is allocated based on the number of publications, and 30% based on the number of citations.

Number of integrated members - In order to encourage the formation of adequately sized groups (in terms of scientific development and financial resources management), a weight of 1.0 per PhD member, will be attributed for groups with 5 or more elements with a PhD, and a weight of 0.8 per PhD, in groups with 4 or less elements. In addition members should have their CESAM webpage updated (head of webpage completed, resumed CV included, publications, research projects as PI, and supervisions of post-docs and PhD students added). If the webpage is considered incomplete, the member will suffer a penalty (counts as 0.65, instead of 1).

Scientific production of the two previous years 
- Scientific productivity is assessed by quantifying the number of publications in Journals referred in the ISI, and each publication is classified taking in consideration the relative impact factor of the Journal within a scientific area (as classified by ISI). Thus, publications in Journals with an impact factor in the top 10% within a scientific area will have a weight of 6; publications in Journals with an impact factors in the ranges of 90-75%, 50-75%, 25-50% and 0-25%, will have weights of 3, 2, 1 and 0.2, respectively. Review papers published in Journals with an impact factor in the top 25% have a weight of 15. Moreover, papers published in prestige journals above impact factor 15 and percentile 98% will have a weighting factor of 30. The weight of papers with CESAM affiliation is duplicated. The goal is to reward the members who publish more, to encourage publications in the highest impact factor ranking journals and to promote CESAM as an excellent research instituton.

Number of citations - The number of citations refer to articles published over the past 5 years and cited at the same period. All calculations are performed using the research groups composition, and based on the articles published by the members, without self-citations within the group.