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  • Authors Varela, R; Santos, F; Gomez-Gesteira, M; Alvarez, I; Costoya, X; Dias, JM
  • Author Full Name Varela, R.; Santos, F.; Gomez-Gesteira, M.; Alvarez, I.; Costoya, X.; Dias, J. M.
  • Title Influence of Coastal Upwelling on SST Trends along the South Coast of Java
  • Nationality internacional
  • Source PLOS ONE
  • Language English
  • Document Type Article
  • Keywords Plus SEA-SURFACE TEMPERATURE; DATA ASSIMILATION ANALYSIS; TROPICAL INDIAN-OCEAN; INTERANNUAL VARIABILITY; WORLD OCEAN; SUMATRA
  • Abstract The south coast of Java has warmed at a much lower rate than adjacent ocean locations over the last three decades (1982-2015). This behavior can be observed during the upwelling season (July-October) and it is especially patent in August and September when upwelling attains the highest values. Although different warming rates (ocean-coast) had been previously observed in other areas around the world, this behavior was always linked to situations where upwelling increased or remained unchanged. South Java warming is observed at ocean locations and cooling near shore but under a scenario of decreasing upwelling (similar to 30% in some cases). The origin of coastal cooling is due to changes in the vertical structure of the water column. A vein of subsurface water, which has cooled at a rate higher than 0.3 degrees C per decade, is observed to enter from the northwestern part of the study area following the South Java Current. This water only manifests at surface near coast, where it is pumped up by coastal upwelling.
  • Author Address [Varela, R.; Santos, F.; Gomez-Gesteira, M.; Alvarez, I.; Costoya, X.] Univ Vigo, Fac Ciencias, Environm Phys Lab, Ephyslab, Orense 32004, Spain; [Santos, F.; Alvarez, I.; Dias, J. M.] Univ Aveiro, Dept Fis, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Reprint Address Varela, R (reprint author), Univ Vigo, Fac Ciencias, Environm Phys Lab, Ephyslab, Orense 32004, Spain.
  • E-mail Address ruvarela@uvigo.es
  • Funding Agency and Grant Number Xunta de Galicia - European Regional Development Fund (FEDER) [GRC-2013-001]; Portuguese Science Foundation (FCT) [SFRH/BPD/97320/2013, C/MAR/LA0017/2013]
  • Funding Text This research was also partially supported by Xunta de Galicia under projects GRC-2013-001
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  • Cited Reference Count 41
  • Publisher PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
  • Publisher City SAN FRANCISCO
  • Publisher Address 1160 BATTERY STREET, STE 100, SAN FRANCISCO, CA 94111 USA
  • ISSN 1932-6203
  • Character Source Abbreviation PLOS ONE
  • ISO Source Abbreviation PLoS One
  • Publication Date SEP 8
  • Year Published 2016
  • Volume 11
  • Issue 9
  • Article Number e0162122
  • Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1371/journal.pone.0162122
  • Page Count 14
  • Web of Science Category Multidisciplinary Sciences
  • Subject Category Science & Technology - Other Topics
  • Document Delivery Number DV9JB
  • Unique Article Identifier WOS:000383255600019

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