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title Polar marine biolog science in Portugal and Spain: Recent advances and future perspectives
authors Xavier, JC; Barbosa, A; Agusti, S; Alonso-Saez, L; Alvito, P; Ameneiro, J; Avila, C; Baeta, A; Canario, J; Carmona, R; Catry, P; Ceia, F; Clark, MS; Cristobo, FJ; Cruz, B; Duarte, CM; Figuerola, B; Gili, JM; Gonclves, AR; Gordillo, FJL; Granadeiro, JP; Guerreiro, M; Isla, E; Jimenez, C; Lopez-Gonzalez, PJ; Lourenco, S; Marques, JC; Moreira, E; Mota, AM; Nogueira, M; Nunez-Pons, L; Orejas, C; Paiva, VH; Palanques, A; Pearson, GA; Pedros-Alio, C; Cantero, ALP; Power, DM; Ramos, JA; Rossi, S; Seco, J; Sane, E; Serrao, EA; Taboada, S; Tavares, S; Teixido, N; Vaque, D; Valente, T; Vazquez, E; Vieira, RP; Vinegla, B
author full name Xavier, Jose C.; Barbosa, Andres; Agusti, Susana; Alonso-Saez, Laura; Alvito, Pedro; Ameneiro, Julia; Avila, Conxita; Baeta, Alexandra; Canario, Joao; Carmona, Raquel; Catry, Paulo; Ceia, Filipe; Clark, Melody S.; Cristobo, Francisco J.; Cruz, Bruno; Duarte, Carlos M.; Figuerola, Blanca; Gili, Josep-Maria; Goncalves, Ana R.; Gordillo, Francisco J. L.; Granadeiro, Jose P.; Guerreiro, Miguel; Isla, Enrique; Jimenez, Carlos; Lopez-Gonzalez, Pablo J.; Lourenco, Silvia; Marques, Joao C.; Moreira, Elena; Mota, Ana M.; Nogueira, Marta; Nunez-Pons, Laura; Orejas, Covadonga; Paiva, Vitor H.; Palanques, Albert; Pearson, Gareth A.; Pedros-Alio, Carlos; Cantero, Alvaro L. Pena; Power, Deborah M.; Ramos, Jaime A.; Rossi, Sergi; Seco, Jose; Sane, Elisabet; Serrao, Ester A.; Taboada, Sergi; Tavares, Silvia; Teixido, Nuria; Vaque, Dolors; Valente, Tiago; Vazquez, Elsa; Vieira, Rui P.; Vinegla, Benjamin
title Polar marine biolog science in Portugal and Spain: Recent advances and future perspectives
nationality internacional
source Journal of Sea Research
language English
document type Article
author keywords Polar science; Arctic; Antarctic; Marine biology; Portugal; Spain
keywords plus KING-GEORGE ISLAND; EASTERN WEDDELL SEA; CUCUMBER STAUROCUCUMIS LIOUVILLEI; PENGUINS PYGOSCELIS-ANTARCTICA; ALGA LAMINARIA-SACCHARINA; DOWNWARD PARTICLE FLUXES; SOUTH SHETLAND ISLANDS; COASTAL ARCTIC-OCEAN; NATURAL-PRODUCTS; SEASONAL-VARIATION
abstract Polar marine ecosystems have global ecological and economic importance because of their unique biodiversity and their major role in climate processes and commercial fisheries, among others. Portugal and Spain have been highly active in a wide range of disciplines in marine biology of the Antarctic and the Arctic. The main aim of this paper is to provide a synopsis of some of the results and initiatives undertaken by Portuguese and Spanish polar teams within the field of marine sciences, particularly on benthic and pelagic biodiversity (species diversity and abundance, including microbial, molecular, physiological and chemical mechanisms in polar organisms), conservation and ecology of top predators (particularly penguins, albatrosses and seals), and pollutants and evolution of marine organisms associated with major issues such as climate change, ocean acidification and UV radiation effects. Both countries have focused their polar research more in the Antarctic than in the Arctic. Portugal and Spain should encourage research groups to continue increasing their collaborations with other countries and develop multi-disciplinary research projects, as well as to maintain highly active memberships within major organizations, such as the Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research (SCAR), the International Arctic Science Council (IASC) and the Association of Polar Early Career Scientists (APECS), and in international research projects. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
author address [Xavier, Jose C.; Alvito, Pedro; Baeta, Alexandra; Ceia, Filipe; Cruz, Bruno; Goncalves, Ana R.; Guerreiro, Miguel; Lourenco, Silvia; Marques, Joao C.; Paiva, Vitor H.; Ramos, Jaime A.; Seco, Jose; Valente, Tiago; Vieira, Rui P.] Univ Coimbra, Inst Marine Res IMAR CMA, Dept Life Sci, P-3001401 Coimbra, Portugal; [Xavier, Jose C.; Clark, Melody S.] British Antarctic Survey, NERC, Cambridge CB3 0ET, England; [Barbosa, Andres] Dept Ecol Evolutiva, Museo Nacl Ciencias Natur, CSIC, Madrid 28006, Spain; [Agusti, Susana; Duarte, Carlos M.] Inst Mediterraneo Estudios Avanzados, IMEDEA CSIC UIB, Mallorca 07190, Spain; [Agusti, Susana; Duarte, Carlos M.] Univ Western Australia, UWA Oceans Inst, Crawley 6009, Australia; [Agusti, Susana; Duarte, Carlos M.] Univ Western Australia, Sch Plant Biol, Crawley 6009, Australia; [Alonso-Saez, Laura; Gili, Josep-Maria; Isla, Enrique; Palanques, Albert; Pedros-Alio, Carlos; Sane, Elisabet; Teixido, Nuria; Vaque, Dolors] Inst Ciencias Mar CSIC, Barcelona 08003, Spain; [Ameneiro, Julia; Vazquez, Elsa] Univ Vigo, Dept Ecoloxia & Bioloxia Anim, Fac Ciencias Mar, Vigo 36200, Spain; [Avila, Conxita; Figuerola, Blanca; Nunez-Pons, Laura; Rossi, Sergi] Univ Barcelona, Fac Biol, Dept Biol Anim Invertebrats, Barcelona 08028, Catalunya, Spain; [Avila, Conxita; Figuerola, Blanca] Biodivers Res Inst IrBIO, Barcelona 08028, Catalunya, Spain; [Canario, Joao; Nogueira, Marta] IPMA IP, P-1449006 Lisbon, Portugal; [Carmona, Raquel; Gordillo, Francisco J. L.; Jimenez, Carlos; Moreira, Elena] Univ Malaga, Dept Ecol, Malaga 29071, Spain; [Catry, Paulo] ISPA, EcoEthol Res Unit, P-1149041 Lisbon, Portugal; [Cristobo, Francisco J.] Ctr Oceanog Gijon, IEO, Gijon 33212, Asturias, Spain; [Granadeiro, Jose P.; Vieira, Rui P.] Univ Aveiro, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal; [Lopez-Gonzalez, Pablo J.] Univ Seville, Dept Fisiol & Zool, Fac Biol, E-41012 Seville, Spain; [Lourenco, Silvia] Univ Lisbon, Ctr Oceanog, Lab Maritimo Guia, Fac Ciencias, P-2750374 Cascais, Portugal; [Mota, Ana M.] Univ Tecn Lisboa, CQE, Inst Super Tecn, P-1049001 Lisbon, Portugal; [Orejas, Covadonga] Ctr Oceanog Baleares, Inst Espanol Oceanog, Palma De Mallorca 07015, Spain; [Pearson, Gareth A.; Power, Deborah M.; Serrao, Ester A.] Univ Algarve, Ctr Marine Sci CCMAR, P-8005139 Faro, Portugal; [Cantero, Alvaro L. Pena] Univ Valencia, Inst Cavanilles Biodiversidad & Biol Evolutiva, Valencia 46980, Spain; [Rossi, Sergi] Ambientals Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Inst Ciencia Tecnologia, Cerdanyola Del Valles 08193, Spain; [Tavares, Silvia] Univ Coimbra, Ctr Funct Ecol, Dept Life Sci, P-3001401 Coimbra, Portugal; [Vieira, Rui P.] Univ Aveiro, Dept Biol, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal; [Vinegla, Benjamin] Univ Jaen, Dept Biol Anim Biol Vegetal & Ecol, Jaen 23071, Spain
reprint address Xavier, JC (reprint author), Univ Coimbra, Inst Marine Res IMAR CMA, Dept Life Sci, P-3001401 Coimbra, Portugal.
e-mail address jccx@cantab.net
researcherid number Mota, Ana Maria/K-2363-2012; Serrao, Ester/C-6686-2012
orcid number Mota, Ana Maria/0000-0003-2999-5761; Serrao, Ester/0000-0003-1316-658X
funding agency and grant number Portuguese and Spanish Ministries of Science; European Union; Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia (Portugal); Portuguese Polar Program PROPOLAR; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion [POL2006-06399, CGI2007-65453/ANT, CTM2010-17415/ANT CLG2007-28872-E/ANT
funding text The research described here was mainly funded by the Portuguese and Spanish Ministries of Science and by the European Union. We would like to thank Angel Borja for their organization of the SIEBM conference in San Sebastian and all colleagues that were actively involved in conducting marine polar research in Portugal and Spain,. including those that reviewed drafts of the manuscript. We also acknowledge Ana Quartin and Sonia Mendes da Silva of the Polar Office of the Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia, the captain and crew of the CCGS Amundsen for their help during cruises CASES and IPY-CFL, L. Fortier and D. Barber and all the scientists who participated and helped on board, W. Arntz for participating in cruises in the R/V Polarstern, RN Hesperides (Spain), and RN Jan Mayen (Univ. Tromso, Norway) and having access to experimental facilities at Svalbard University, and Christian Wiencke and the Alfred Wegener Institut for polar and marine research collaborative work. We also thank the logistic support of the Marine Technology Unit (CSIC), polar ship Las Palmas, polar ship Hesperides, Spanish Antarctic base Gabriel de Castilla, Spanish Antarctic base Juan Carlos I, Byers international Refuge, Argentinean Antarctic base Carlini, Spanish Polar Committee and the Argentinean Antarctic Institute. The work was supported by the Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia (Portugal), iricluding its Ciencia program, by the Portuguese Polar Program PROPOLAR and by several grants, including the projects PTDC/MAR/099366/2008 and Pest-OE/MAR/UI0331/2011. Spanish polar research was funded by the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion grants POL2006-06399, CGI2007-65453/ANT, CTM2010-17415/ANT CLG2007-28872-E/ANT
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cited reference count 226
publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
publisher city AMSTERDAM
publisher address PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
issn 1385-1101
29-character source abbreviation J SEA RES
iso source abbreviation J. Sea Res.
publication date OCT
year published 2013
volume 83
special issue SI
beginning page 9
ending page 29
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.seares.2013.05.013
page count 21
web of science category Marine & Freshwater Biology; Oceanography
subject category Marine & Freshwater Biology; Oceanography
document delivery number 264YM
unique article identifier WOS:000327916900002