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title Current air quality plans in Europe designed to support air quality management policies
authors Miranda, A; Silveira, C; Ferreira, J; Monteiro, A; Lopes, D; Relvas, H; Borrego, C; Roebeling, P
author full name Miranda, Ana; Silveira, Carlos; Ferreira, Joana; Monteiro, Alexandra; Lopes, Diogo; Relvas, Helder; Borrego, Carlos; Roebeling, Peter
title Current air quality plans in Europe designed to support air quality management policies
nationality internacional
language English
document type Article
author keywords Air quality plans; urban air quality; European legislation; modeling tools; integrated assessment methodologies
abstract The intensification of the human activity in urban areas as a result of the increasing population has contributed to the air pollution worsening in cities. To reverse this trend, the European Commission established a legal framework to improve the air quality. Thereby the Member States need to develop air quality plans (AQP) for zones and agglomerations where air quality limit values are exceeded, in order to implement pollution control strategies and meet the legal requirements. Understanding the reasons for the levels of air quality non-compliance as well as evaluating available and commonly used tools to predict the air quality and their effects, is crucial for the decision-making process on air quality management policies. Based on a compilation of regional and local AQP, a review of assessment capabilities and used modeling tools to evaluate the effects of emission abatement measures on the air quality and health was performed. In most cases, models are applied to estimate emissions and to assess the resulting air quality from both reference and emission abatement scenarios. Air quality's impacts on the health and environment are rarely quantified. Regarding the air quality assessment, beyond the modeling, monitored data for validation of simulations are also used. Some studies, however, do not include the use of air quality models, considering the monitoring network as spatially representative of the study domain (e.g. Lisbon Region, Riga, Malta). In order to overcome methodological limitations for quantifying the impacts of emission abatement measures, economic evaluation techniques or even Integrated Assessment Methodologies (IAM) have been developed. IAM, already applied in some AQP or case studies, namely for Antwerp and London, are used for assessing how reductions in emissions contribute to improve air quality, reduce exposure and protect human health.
author address [Miranda, Ana] Univ Aveiro, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal; Univ Aveiro, Dept Environm & Planning, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal
reprint address Miranda, A (reprint author), Univ Aveiro, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal.
e-mail address miranda@ua.pt
funding agency and grant number FEDER through the COMPETE Programme; national funds from FCT - Science and Technology Portuguese Foundation [PEst-C/MAR/LA0017/2013, PTDC/AAG-MAA/4077/2012]; [SFRH/BPD/40620/2007]; [SFRH/BPD/63796/2009]
funding text The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support of FEDER through the COMPETE Programme and the national funds from FCT - Science and Technology Portuguese Foundation within project PEst-C/MAR/LA0017/2013 for the MAPLIA Project (PTDC/AAG-MAA/4077/2012) and the post doc grants of J. Ferreira (SFRH/BPD/40620/2007) and A. Monteiro (SFRH/BPD/63796/2009).
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cited reference count 44
publisher city BUCA
issn 1309-1042
29-character source abbreviation ATMOS POLLUT RES
iso source abbreviation Atmos. Pollut. Res.
publication date MAY
year published 2015
volume 6
issue 3
beginning page 434
ending page 443
digital object identifier (doi) 10.5094/APR.2015.048
page count 10
web of science category Environmental Sciences
subject category Environmental Sciences & Ecology
document delivery number CG3XP
unique article identifier WOS:000353213200008
link http://dx.doi.org/10.5094/APR.2015.048