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title Spatial distribution of floating marine debris in offshore continental Portuguese waters
authors Sa, S; Bastos-Santos, J; Araujo, H; Ferreira, M; Duro, V; Alves, F; Panta-Ferreira, B; Nicolau, L; Eira, C; Vingada, J
author full name Sa, Sara; Bastos-Santos, Jorge; Araujo, Helder; Ferreira, Marisa; Duro, Virginia; Alves, Flavia; Panta-Ferreira, Bruno; Nicolau, Lidia; Eira, Catarina; Vingada, Jose
title Spatial distribution of floating marine debris in offshore continental Portuguese waters
nationality internacional
language English
document type Article
author keywords Floating marine debris; Density estimate; Distance sampling; Plastics; Portugal
abstract This study presents data on abundance and density of macro-floating marine debris (FMD), including their composition, spatial distribution and potential sources off continental Portugal. FMD were assessed by shipboard visual surveys covering +/- 252,833 km(2) until the 220 nm limit. The FMD average density was 2.98 items/km(2) and abundance amounted to 752,740 items. Unidentified plastics constitute the major bulk of FMD (density = 0.46 items/km(2); abundance = 117,390 items), followed by styrofoam, derelict or lost materials from fisheries, paper/cardboard and wood material. The North sector of the area presents higher FMD diversity and abundances, probably as a result of the high number of navigation corridors and fisheries operating in that sector. Most FMD originate from local sources, namely discharges from vessels and derelict material from fisheries. Considering the identifiable items, cables and fishing lines were the only fishing related items among the top ten FMD items in Portuguese offshore waters. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
author address [Sa, Sara; Bastos-Santos, Jorge; Araujo, Helder; Nicolau, Lidia; Eira, Catarina] Univ Aveiro, Dept Biol, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal; [Sa, Sara; Bastos-Santos, Jorge; Araujo, Helder; Nicolau, Lidia; Eira, Catarina] Univ Aveiro, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal; [Sa, Sara; Bastos-Santos, Jorge; Araujo, Helder; Ferreira, Marisa; Duro, Virginia; Alves, Flavia; Panta-Ferreira, Bruno; Nicolau, Lidia; Eira, Catarina; Vingada, Jose] Univ Minho, Soc Portuguesa Vida Selvagem, Dept Biol, P-4710057 Braga, Portugal; [Bastos-Santos, Jorge; Araujo, Helder] Int Campus Excellence, Campus Mar, Madrid, Spain; [Ferreira, Marisa; Vingada, Jose] Univ Minho, Dept Biol, P-4710057 Braga, Portugal; [Vingada, Jose] Univ Minho, CESAM, P-4710057 Braga, Portugal; [Ferreira, Marisa] Univ Minho, CBMA, P-4710057 Braga, Portugal
reprint address Eira, C (reprint author), Univ Aveiro, Dept Biol, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal.; Eira, C (reprint author), Univ Aveiro, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal.
e-mail address catarina.eira@ua.pt
funding agency and grant number Portuguese Wildlife Society [NAT/PT/000038]; European Commission's Life Programme; Project CetSenti [RECI/AAG-GLO/0470/2012 (FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-027472)]; FCT/MCTES (PIDDAC); FEDER-COMPETE (POFC); Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) [SFRH/BD/51416/2011, SFRH/BD/30240/2006]; MARES [CENTRO-07-ST24-FEDER-002033]; QREN; Mais Centro-PORC; EU/ERDF; FCT through CESAM [UID/AMB/50017/2013]
funding text This campaign was part of the project LIFE09 MarPro NAT/PT/000038, partly funded by the Portuguese Wildlife Society and the European Commission's Life Programme. S. Sa was partly funded by Project CetSenti RECI/AAG-GLO/0470/2012 (FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-027472), FCT/MCTES (PIDDAC) and FEDER-COMPETE (POFC). L. Nicolau (SFRH/BD/51416/2011) and M. Ferreira (SFRH/BD/30240/2006) received grants from the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT). C. Eira was supported by MARES (CENTRO-07-ST24-FEDER-002033), QREN, Mais Centro-PORC and EU/ERDF and FCT through CESAM UID/AMB/50017/2013. The authors thank all volunteers and Santa Maria Manuela crew and technicians, who contributed to this work.
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cited reference count 78
publisher city OXFORD
issn 0025-326X
29-character source abbreviation MAR POLLUT BULL
iso source abbreviation Mar. Pollut. Bull.
publication date MAR 15
year published 2016
volume 104
issue 1-2
beginning page 269
ending page 278
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.01.011
page count 10
web of science category Environmental Sciences; Marine & Freshwater Biology
subject category Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Marine & Freshwater Biology
document delivery number DJ4SK
unique article identifier WOS:000374198100044