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title Assessment of health benefits related to air quality improvement strategies in urban areas: An Impact Pathway Approach
authors Silveira, C; Roebeling, P; Lopes, M; Ferreira, J; Costa, S; Teixeira, JP; Borrego, C; Miranda, AI
author full name Silveira, Carlos; Roebeling, Peter; Lopes, Myriam; Ferreira, Joana; Costa, Solange; Teixeira, Joao P.; Borrego, Carlos; Miranda, Ana I.
title Assessment of health benefits related to air quality improvement strategies in urban areas: An Impact Pathway Approach
nationality internacional
language English
document type Article
author keywords Air pollution; Emission abatement measures; Air quality improvement; Health impacts; Avoided external costs
abstract Air pollution is, increasingly, a concern to our society given the threats to human health and the environment. Concerted actions to improve air quality have been taken at different levels, such as through the development of Air Quality Plans (AQPs). However, air quality impacts associated with the implementation of abatement measures included in AQPs are often neglected. In order to identify the major gaps and strengths in current knowledge, a literature review has been performed on existing methodologies to estimate air pollution-related health impacts and subsequent external costs. Based on this review, the Impact Pathway Approach was adopted and applied within the context of the MAPLIA research project to assess the health impacts and benefits (or avoided external costs) derived from improvements in air quality. Seven emission abatement scenarios, based on individual and combined abatement measures, were tested for the major activity sectors (traffic, residential and industrial combustion and production processes) of a Portuguese urban area (Grande Porto) with severe particular matter (PM10) air pollution problems. Results revealed a strong positive correlation between population density and health benefits obtained from the assessed reduction scenarios. As a consequence, potential health benefits from reduction scenarios are largest in densely populated areas with high anthropic activity and, thus, where air pollution problems are most alarming. Implementation of all measures resulted in a reduction in PM10 emissions by almost 8%, improving air quality by about 1% and contributing to a benefit of 8.8 million (sic)/year for the entire study domain. The introduction of PM10 reduction technologies in industrial units was the most beneficial abatement measure. This study intends to contribute to policy support for decision-maldng on air quality management. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
author address [Silveira, Carlos; Roebeling, Peter; Lopes, Myriam; Ferreira, Joana; Borrego, Carlos; Miranda, Ana I.] Univ Aveiro, Dept Environm & Planning, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal; [Costa, Solange; Teixeira, Joao P.] Univ Porto, Inst Publ Hlth, EPIUnit, P-4050600 Oporto, Portugal; [Costa, Solange; Teixeira, Joao P.] Natl Inst Hlth, Dept Environm Hlth, P-4000055 Oporto, Portugal
reprint address Silveira, C (reprint author), Univ Aveiro, Dept Environm & Planning, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal.
e-mail address carlos.silveira@ua.pt
funding agency and grant number FEDER through the COMPETE Programme; FCT - Science and Technology Portuguese Foundation [PEst-C/MAR/LA0017/2013, PTDC/AAG-MAA/4077/2012, SFRH/BD/112343/2015, SFRH/BPD/100346/2014]
funding text The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support of FEDER through the COMPETE Programme and the national funds from FCT - Science and Technology Portuguese Foundation within project PEst-C/MAR/LA0017/2013 for the MAPLIA Project (PTDC/AAG-MAA/4077/2012), and also the doc grant of C. Silveira (SFRH/BD/112343/2015) and the post-doc grant of J. Ferreira (SFRH/BPD/100346/2014).
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cited reference count 35
publisher city LONDON
publisher address 24-28 OVAL RD, LONDON NW1 7DX, ENGLAND
issn 0301-4797
29-character source abbreviation J ENVIRON MANAGE
iso source abbreviation J. Environ. Manage.
publication date DEC 1
year published 2016
volume 183
part number 3
beginning page 694
ending page 702
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.08.079
page count 9
web of science category Environmental Sciences
subject category Environmental Sciences & Ecology
document delivery number DZ5KC
unique article identifier WOS:000385900000027
link http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.08.079