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title .Optimal air quality policies and health: a multi-objective nonlinear approach
authors Relvas, H; Miranda, AI; Carnevale, C; Maffeis, G; Turrini, E; Volta, M
author full name Relvas, Helder; Miranda, Ana Isabel; Carnevale, Claudio; Maffeis, Giuseppe; Turrini, Enrico; Volta, Marialuisa
title .Optimal air quality policies and health: a multi-objective nonlinear approach
nationality nacional
source ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
language English
document type Article
author keywords Urban air quality planning; Integrated assessment modelling; Emission reduction scenarios; Surrogate model; Cost-benefit; Multi-objective approach
keywords plus INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT MODEL; REGIONAL-SCALE; POLLUTION; STRATEGIES; DESIGN; PLANS; SPAIN
abstract The use of modelling tools to support decision-makers to plan air quality policies is now quite widespread in Europe. In this paper, the Regional Integrated Assessment Tool (RIAT+), which was designed to support policy-maker decision on optimal emission reduction measures to improve air quality at minimum costs, is applied to the Porto Urban Area (Portugal). In addition to technological measures, some local measures were included in the optimization process. Case study results are presented for a multi-objective approach focused on both NO2 and PM10 control measures, assuming equivalent importance in the optimization process. The optimal set of air quality measures is capable to reduce simultaneously the annual average concentrations values of PM10 and NO2 in 1.7 and 1.0 mu g/m(3), respectively. This paper illustrates how the tool could be used to prioritize policy objectives and help making informed decisions about reducing air pollution and improving public health.
author address [Relvas, Helder; Miranda, Ana Isabel] Univ Aveiro, CESAM, Dept Environm & Planning, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal; [Carnevale, Claudio; Turrini, Enrico; Volta, Marialuisa] Univ Brescia, Dept Mech & Ind Engn, I-25123 Brescia, Italy; [Maffeis, Giuseppe] TerrAria Srl, Milan, Italy
reprint address Relvas, H (reprint author), Univ Aveiro, CESAM, Dept Environm & Planning, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal.
e-mail address helder.selvas@ua.pt
funding agency and grant number FEDER through COMPETE Programme; FCT-Science and Technology Portuguese Foundation [SFRH/BD/101660/2014]
funding text The work has been performed using part of the data collected and managed in the GAINS (Europe) database. The authors would also like to acknowledge the financial support of FEDER through the COMPETE Programme and the national funds from FCT-Science and Technology Portuguese Foundation for the Ph.D. grant of H. Relvas (SFRH/BD/101660/2014). We thank two anonymous reviewers for providing constructive comments on this article.
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cited reference count 35
publisher SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
publisher city HEIDELBERG
publisher address TIERGARTENSTRASSE 17, D-69121 HEIDELBERG, GERMANY
issn 0944-1344
29-character source abbreviation ENVIRON SCI POLLUT R
iso source abbreviation Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res.
publication date MAY
year published 2017
volume 24
issue 15
beginning page 13687
ending page 13699
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1007/s11356-017-8895-7
page count 13
web of science category Environmental Sciences
subject category Environmental Sciences & Ecology
document delivery number EV2EC
unique article identifier WOS:000401566600046
link http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-8895-7