It is not just a new bacterial species discovered by an investigating team from the University of Aveiro (UA). The NL19 is a 'super' bacteria that survive in extreme environments, such as the former uranium mine Quinta do Bispo, in Viseu, where it was identified. Isolated from sludge with high concentrations of radioactive metals, UA scientists have discovered that NL19 produces antibacterial that can be used in medicine, veterinary and food industry. The study concerning how this bacterium can be used by the man in the production of other bioactive compounds is already in progress.
Baptized by Molecular Biotechnology Laboratory team (LBM) from Department of Biology with the scientific name Pedobacter portucalensis, a new species of the genus Pedobacter, the discovery of NL19 rests like a glove to one of the group's goals: study and discovery of microorganisms able to help Science in the production of new antibacterials.
In addition to the characterization of antibacterial produced by this new bacterium is also ongoing evaluation of the important biotechnological potential that the microorganism has as a producer of antifungals, antivirals and anticancer, and other bioactive compounds. The work is being developed by PhD student Claudia Covas and with the collaboration of the postdoctoral researcher Tania Caetano and Pedro Domingues, researcher from Department of Chemistry at UA.
More information: http://uaonline.ua.pt/pub/deta.....
Dr. Cristina Pita, Researcher of CESAM, will participate in MSEAS Conference 2016 (Understanding marine social- ecological systems: including the human dimension in the ecosystem Ratings Integrated), held in Breste (France) from 30 May to 3 June) and co-chair two Thematic Sessions.
The conference MSEAS addresses the theme of Integration and Multiple Evaluation OSU THE SEA, including: fishing, Renewable Energy, Coastal Development, Oil and Gas, Transportation and Conservation. A special emphasis will be given to methodological and empirical challenges involved in the inclusion of human dimensions in ecosystem integrated assessment. The conference has a global character, with special focus on regions that have developed Integrated Management Policies for the sea in recent decades.
Dr. Pita chairs the thematic sessions:
A : Identifying needs for managing multiple ocean use sectors – policy, management and industry needs
This theme session will seek to identify the needs that arise from current and projected policy, management and industry developments in the marine domain.
D: Participatory assessment processes: opportunities and challenges
Theme session D will investigate how the ways in which integrated (socio-ecological) assessments are/can be included in decision-making processes may determine the use/usefulness of the tools/information provided.
It is one of the cause of urinary infections. The bacteria is called Enterobacter cloacae, and until now has been controlled by use of antibiotics. But the prescription can come to change. A team of researchers at the University of Aveiro (UA) managed to eliminate these bacteria with use of phage therapy. Harmless to human beings and cheaper to apply than antibacterials, this therapy uses the action of specific virus that only destroy the bacteria. The work opens the door to a future where the harmful bacteria to human health, many of which resistant to antibiotics, can be disposed of quickly, effectively and without side effects.
"Our research proves that cloacae Enterobacter, one of the bacteria most frequently responsible for urinary infections, can be inactivated by phages [virus that only destroy bacteria and are harmless to human health]," said Adelaide Almeida, Researcher at the Laboratory Applied and Environmental Microbiology of UA and CESAM and coordinator of the work published in the last issue of Virus Research.
More information: http://uaonline.ua.pt/pub/detail.asp?c=45818
Fatima Lopes Alves, Professor in the Department of Environment and Planning (DAO) at UA and CESAM Researcher, was invited to join the team of 'Experts' in the European Commission study on 'Cooperation between North and South - the transatlantic dimension of Protected Marine Areas' (Cooperation with Northern and Southern Transatlantic Dimension - Protected Marine Areas).
The European Commission has set up a new project to promote cooperation between managers of Protected Marine Areas (PMAs) in the countries of the Atlantic Basin. The study will take place over two years and aims to stimulate the exchange and sharing of good management practices, to improve the effective management of PMAs in coastal areas and offshore Atlantic space. This project aims to promote a broader transatlantic cooperation, centred on a new, comprehensive concept of 'Atlanticism', resulting from the growing importance of Africa and Latin America as key actors in the Atlantic space. The European Union is strongly committed to promoting this broader approach in the transatlantic dialogue, and selected the PMA as a pilot study of this new initiative of the European environmental policy. The project will also contribute to the EU's commitments in the fight against global loss of biodiversity, support for adaptation to climate change, and meet the EU's internal policies on the environment, regional cooperation and maritime dimension. The project will contribute to a strategic approach to EU (Atlantic Basin), in relations between the North-South and South-South.
"Physical Geography is the study of the interactions between the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere. I am a physical geographer (MSc) from the University of Amsterdam, located a few meters below sea level in the large delta that forms most of The Netherlands. My MSc research focused on interactions between plant species and soil water repellency, in the drylands of southeast Spain. For my PhD I moved to soils formed in the glacial sediments of the low hills of southeast England (Cranfield University) to study how soil organic matter may provide on-farm economic benefit. Since then, during the last ten years, I helped to design and test a harmonised EU soil monitoring system in a 38 partner project. I moved to the old floodplains of the river Thames in London (Queen Mary University of London) to study the effects of a wildfire on the recovery of an organic soil in a Scottish peatland. I moved to the southern foothills of the Alps in Italy to work at the European Commission Joint Research Centre, where I led a small team in publishing a major EU report on biochar (2010) that identified positive, negative and unknown effects. Finally, I moved close to a drowned river valley in Portugal (University of Aveiro) to push for more scientific discovery of those unknown effects."
More details in: http://www.ua.pt/research/page/20986
Dr. Frank Verheijen
Departamento de Ambiente e Ordenamento & CESAM
Universidade de Aveiro
telefone: 234 370200 (ext. 22608)
Biochar Investigation Network of Portugal
The Do*Mar is an international doctoral programme offered by a consortium of Portuguese and Galician Universities and Research Institutes: Universities of Aveiro, Minho, Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vigo, Santiago de Compostela and Coruña, the Instituto Español de Oceanografia and the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas. The School of Biology of the St. Andrews University (Scotland), the Station Biologique de Roscoff of the Université Pierre et Marie Curie (France) and the Instituto de Oceanografia of the Universidade de São Paulo (Brasil) are associated members of the consortium.
Do*Mar has a duration of 3 years and has 4 curricular branches: i) Ocean Observation and Global Change; ii) Sustainable Use of Marine Resources; iii) Integrated Management of the Sea; and iv) Technological Progress, Engineering and Business Management. This doctoral programme requires a compulsory co-supervision by a professor or researcher at a Portuguese partner and at a non-Portuguese partner. Therefore, a mandatory mobility period and placement at a non-Portuguese institution is involved (minimum 6 months, maximum 24 months). Candidates that successfully complete the programme will receive a joint diploma issued by the Portuguese and Galician universities. A dual diploma may be issued if the mandatory away stay is in one of the associated partners.
More details in: http://www.campusdomar-pt-domar.net/
Type: PhD Examination
Date: 30-03-2016 2:30 pm
Local: Auditório do Edifício Central e da Reitoria, Universidade de Aveiro
Student Name: DAVID FILIPE RAMOS SILVA
Course: PROGRAMA DOUTORAL EM CIÊNCIAS E ENGENHARIA DO AMBIENTE (3º CICLO)
Theme: Valorização das cinzas de combustão de biomassa na calagem e reciclagem de nutrientes no solo.
Book will presented on March 10, at 5 pm, at the Library of the University of Aveiro
One of the characteristics of terrestrial mammals is to have the body covered with hair. If we know what to look for and we use the right microscopic techniques we can see something amazing and surprising: the coating hair of each species has unique morphological characteristics. During 16 months biologists at the University of Aveiro (UA) observed and photographed more than 200 microscopic preparations, cross-sections and cuticular impressions of 67 species of land mammals of the Iberian Peninsula. A meticulous and patient work now published in the book "Atlas dos pelos dos mamíferos terrestres ibéricos" whose launch takes place March 10 at 5 pm in the Library of the AU.
José Vingada , professor at the University of Minho and president of the Portuguese Society of Wildlife, has borne the presentation of the project at a ceremony , in addition to the authors , will be present Amadeu Soares, director of the Department of Biology AU.
More details in://uaonline.ua.pt/pub/detail.asp?c=45693
II Edition 30 May - 3 June 2016
This one-week course held at DBio & CESAM (University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal) aims to provide knowledge about using biomarkers and their advantages (and disadvantages) to assess the ecologically relevant impact of stressors in the environment. Moreover, the ecological relevance and ranges of applicability of biochemical tools will be shown for particular classes of pollutants by linking their biochemical effects with alterations at higher levels of biological organization. Furthermore, the practical use of a biomarker approach in distinct taxa will be demonstrated, showing the usefulness of this set of tools independently from the analyzed ecosystem. This new approach has been successfully used by staff members of this course in soil ecotoxicology, freshwater ecotoxicology, marine ecotoxicology, wildlife ecotoxicology, biomonitoring, characterization of drug toxicity and nanotoxicology. The course is composed by theoretical lectures, by the presentation and discussion of several of our own case studies, and by a strong complementary practical component, during which test procedures will be demonstrated and students will have the opportunity to handle real techniques and procedures. The course is targeted to scientists, PhD and MSc students (with a background in Biology, Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Chemistry, or related fields) and other professionals involved in decision-making and environmental management. All lectures and training sessions will be held in English.
Dr. Bruno Nunes, DeBio & CESAM, University of Aveiro, Portugal
Dr. Carlos Gravato, DeBio & CESAM, University of Aveiro, Portugal
Dr. Carla Quintaneiro, DeBio & CESAM, University of Aveiro
Dr. Inês Domingues, DeBio & CESAM, University of Aveiro
Prof. Dr. Alberto Teodorico Correia, CIIMAR, University Fernando Pessoa
Dr. Miguel Santos, CIIMAR, University of Porto
Please find the event flyer and Registration Form attached.
Rui Vieira, 29, a PhD student at School of Ocean and Earth Sciences (University of Southampton), Departamento de Biologia & CESAM, Universidade de Aveiro, and CCMAR/Universidade do Algarve, hailing from Marinha Grande (Portugal), attended Parliament to present his biological research to a range of politicians and a panel of expert judges, as part of SET for Britain on Monday 7 March.
Rui’s poster on research about fisheries impact on deep-sea ecosystems will be judged against dozens of other scientists’ research in the only national competition of its kind. Rui was shortlisted from hundreds of applicants to appear in Parliament.
On presenting his research in Parliament, he said, “science and society should, more than ever, be linked. SET for Britain is an excellent opportunity to bring our work to the society and policy-makers. I hope to contribute to change a bit the way we look at marine ecosystems, particularly the deep sea, which we still know very little about, but also to exchange some ideas with MPs about this issue.”
The Parliamentary and Scientific Committee runs the event in collaboration with the Royal Society of Biology, the Royal Academy of Engineering, the Royal Society of Chemistry, the Institute of Physics, The Physiological Society and the Council for Mathematical Sciences, with financial support from Essar, the Clay Mathematics Institute, Warwick Manufacturing Group (WMG), the Institute of Biomedical Science, the Bank of England and the Society of Chemical Industry.