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title Atmospheric Emissions from Forest Biomass Residues to Energy Supply Chain: A Case Study in Portugal
authors Rafael, S; Tarelho, L; Monteiro, A; Monteiro, T; Goncalves, C; Freitas, S; Lopes, M
author full name Rafael, Sandra; Tarelho, Luis; Monteiro, Alexandra; Monteiro, Tania; Goncalves, Catarina; Freitas, Sylvio; Lopes, Myriam
title Atmospheric Emissions from Forest Biomass Residues to Energy Supply Chain: A Case Study in Portugal
nationality internacional
source ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING SCIENCE
language English
document type Article
author keywords atmospheric emissions; forest biomass residues; exploration processes
keywords plus FLUIDIZED-BED COMBUSTION; AIR-QUALITY; N2O; NITROGEN; SYSTEMS; SCALE; WASTE; HCN; CH4
abstract During the past decades, pressures on global environment and energy security have led to an increasing demand on renewable energy sources and diversification of the world's energy supply. The Portuguese energy strategy considers the use of Forest Biomass Residues (FBR) to energy as being essential to accomplish the goals established in the National Energy Strategy for 2020. However, despite the advantages pointing to FBR to the energy supply chain, few studies have evaluated the potential impacts on air quality. In this context, a case study was selected to estimate the atmospheric emissions of the FBR to the energy supply chain in Portugal. Results revealed that production, harvesting, and energy conversion processes are the main culprits for the biomass energy supply chain emissions (with a contribution higher than 90%), while the transport processes have a minor importance for all the pollutants. Compared with the coal-fired plants, the FBR combustion produces lower greenhouses emissions, on a mass basis of fuel consumed; the same is true for NOX and SO2 emissions.
author address [Rafael, Sandra; Tarelho, Luis; Monteiro, Alexandra; Monteiro, Tania; Goncalves, Catarina; Freitas, Sylvio; Lopes, Myriam] Univ Aveiro, Dept Environm & Planning, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal
reprint address Rafael, S (reprint author), Univ Aveiro, Dept Environm & Planning, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal.
e-mail address sandra.rafael@ua.pt
funding agency and grant number BIO-GAIR project [PTDC/AAC-AMB/103866/2008, FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-008587]; European Funds through COMPETE; National Funds through the Portuguese Science Foundation (FCT) [PEst-C/MAR/LA0017/2013]; Portuguese
funding text The authors acknowledge the financial support of the BIO-GAIR project (PTDC/AAC-AMB/103866/2008; FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-008587), supported by European Funds through COMPETE and by National Funds through the Portuguese Science Foundation (FCT) within project PEst-C/MAR/LA0017/2013. The authors also acknowledge the Portuguese
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cited reference count 39
publisher MARY ANN LIEBERT, INC
publisher city NEW ROCHELLE
publisher address 140 HUGUENOT STREET, 3RD FL, NEW ROCHELLE, NY 10801 USA
issn 1092-8758
29-character source abbreviation ENVIRON ENG SCI
iso source abbreviation Environ. Eng. Sci.
publication date JUN 1
year published 2015
volume 32
issue 6
beginning page 505
ending page 515
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1089/ees.2014.0420
page count 11
web of science category Engineering, Environmental; Environmental Sciences
subject category Engineering; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
document delivery number CI9YG
unique article identifier WOS:000355126100007
link http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ees.2014.0420