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title Evaluation on effects of using low biodiesel blends in a EURO 5 passenger vehicle equipped with a common-rail diesel engine
authors Serrano, L; Lopes, M; Pires, N; Ribeiro, I; Cascao, P; Tarelho, L; Monteiro, A; Nielsen, O; da Silva, MG; Borrego, C
author full name Serrano, L.; Lopes, M.; Pires, N.; Ribeiro, I.; Cascao, P.; Tarelho, L.; Monteiro, A.; Nielsen, O.; Gameiro da Silva, M.; Borrego, C.
title Evaluation on effects of using low biodiesel blends in a EURO 5 passenger vehicle equipped with a common-rail diesel engine
nationality internacional
source APPLIED ENERGY
language English
document type Article
author keywords Biodiesel; Diesel engine efficiency; New European Driving Cycle; NOx emissions; Engine performance
keywords plus EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS; POLLUTANT EMISSIONS; FUEL CONSUMPTION; COMBUSTION; PERFORMANCE; INJECTION; BIOFUELS; IMPACT; CYCLE; OIL
abstract The effects of the use of low biodiesel blends in performance, fuel consumption and NO emissions was investigated during tests carried out with a Renault Megane 1.5 dCi equipped with recent injection and exhaust emission control technologies. To accomplish this goal, several tests were performed using the European homologation cycle concerning CO2 emissions of vehicles, known as the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC). This was executed using a chassis dynamometer, a fuel weighting equipment, an exhaust emissions analyzer and the software developed to acquire data and control the execution of the cycle. Besides the accomplishment of the NEDC cycle tests with three diverse fuel blends, performance tests were also realized, enabling to get the full load engine response considering the use of different fuels. The chosen biodiesel produced from original oils of soybean (84%) and palm (16%), was mixed in proportions of 0%, 7%, and 20% on a volumetric basis, allowing to test comparatively the results for these different fuel blends (B0, B7 and B20). The obtained results reveal some interesting findings regarding all the involved aspects. The consumption was not consistently increased with the use of biodiesel, revealing the existence of other factors besides the lower heating value to explain the fuel consumption differences. Likewise, the NOx emissions with biodiesel use does not present significant raise. In fact, when B20 was used, the levels of NOx emitted by the vehicle present a reduction in all the NEDC, which was more pronounced in the urban part of the NEDC. The performance analysis did not reveal any relevant differences, however the use of B7 promote an improvement on torque and power in the order of 2% relatively to B0. (c) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
author address [Serrano, L.; Pires, N.] Polytech Inst Leiria, Sch Technol & Management, P-2411901 Leiria, Portugal; [Serrano, L.; Gameiro da Silva, M.] Univ Coimbra, ADAI, LAETA Dept Mech Engn, P-3030289 Coimbra, Portugal; [Lopes, M.; Ribeiro, I.; Tarelho, L.; Monteiro, A.; Borrego, C.] Univ Aveiro, Dept Environm & Planning, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal; [Cascao, P.] Ecotech Pyt Ltd, Knoxfield, Vic 3180, Australia; [Nielsen, O.] Univ Copenhagen, Dept Chem, Atmospher Chem, HC Orsted Inst, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark
reprint address Serrano, L (reprint author), Polytech Inst Leiria, Sch Technol & Management, Ap 4163, P-2411901 Leiria, Portugal.
e-mail address luis.serrano@ipleiria.pt
funding agency and grant number Project BIO-GAIR [PTDC/AAC-AMB/103866/2008, FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-008587]; Competitiveness Factors Thematic Operational Programme (COMPETE) of the Community Support Framework III; European Community Fund FEDER; Portuguese 'Ministerio da Ciencia, da Tecnologia e do Ensino Superior' [PTDC/SEN-TRA/117251/2010, SFRH/BD/60370/2009, SFRH/BPD/63796/2009]
funding text The authors acknowledge the financial support of Project BIO-GAIR (PTDC/AAC-AMB/103866/2008; FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-008587), supported in the scope of the Competitiveness Factors Thematic Operational Programme (COMPETE) of the Community Support Framework III and by the European Community Fund FEDER. An acknowledgement to the Portuguese 'Ministerio da Ciencia, da Tecnologia e do Ensino Superior' for the support under the Project BioHeavy (PTDC/SEN-TRA/117251/2010), for the Ph.D Grant of Isabel Ribeiro (SFRH/BD/60370/2009) and the post-doc grants of Alexandra Monteiro (SFRH/BPD/63796/2009).
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cited reference count 39
publisher ELSEVIER SCI LTD
publisher city OXFORD
publisher address THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, OXON, ENGLAND
issn 0306-2619
29-character source abbreviation APPL ENERG
iso source abbreviation Appl. Energy
publication date MAY 15
year published 2015
volume 146
beginning page 230
ending page 238
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.01.063
page count 9
web of science category Energy & Fuels; Engineering, Chemical
subject category Energy & Fuels; Engineering
document delivery number CG2FS
unique article identifier WOS:000353090900024