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title Evaluating strategies to reduce urban air pollution
authors Duque, L; Relvas, H; Silveira, C; Ferreira, J; Monteiro, A; Gama, C; Rafael, S; Freitas, S; Borrego, C; Miranda, AI
author full name Duque, L.; Relvas, H.; Silveira, C.; Ferreira, J.; Monteiro, A.; Gama, C.; Rafael, S.; Freitas, S.; Borrego, C.; Miranda, A. I.
title Evaluating strategies to reduce urban air pollution
nationality internacional
source ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT
language English
document type Article
author keywords PM10; NO2; Urban air pollution; Air quality plan; Emission reduction scenarios; Numerical modelling
keywords plus RESIDENTIAL WOOD COMBUSTION; QUALITY; EMISSIONS; PORTUGAL; AREAS; MANAGEMENT
abstract During the last years, specific air quality problems have been detected in the urban area of Porto (Portugal). Both PM10 and NO2 limit values have been surpassed in several air quality monitoring stations and, following the European legislation requirements, Air Quality Plans were designed and implemented to reduce those levels. In this sense, measures to decrease PM10 and NO2 emissions have been selected, these mainly related to the traffic sector, but also regarding the industrial and residential combustion sectors. The main objective of this study is to investigate the efficiency of these reduction measures with regard to the improvement of PM10 and NO2 concentration levels over the Porto urban region using a numerical modelling tool - The Air Pollution Model (TAPM). TAPM was applied over the study region, for a simulation domain of 80 x 80 km(2) with a spatial resolution of 1 x 1 km(2). The entire year of 2012 was simulated and set as the base year for the analysis of the impacts of the selected measures. Taking into account the main activity sectors, four main scenarios have been defined and simulated, with focus on: (1) hybrid cars; (2) a Low Emission Zone (LEZ); (3) fireplaces and (4) industry. The modelling results indicate that measures to reduce PM10 should be focused on residential combustion (fireplaces) and industrial activity and for NO2 the strategy should be based on the traffic sector. The implementation of all the defined scenarios will allow a total maximum reduction of 4.5% on the levels of both pollutants. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
author address [Duque, L.; Relvas, H.; Silveira, C.; Ferreira, J.; Monteiro, A.; Gama, C.; Rafael, S.; Freitas, S.; Borrego, C.; Miranda, A. I.] Univ Aveiro, Dept Environm & Planning, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal
reprint address Monteiro, A (reprint author), Univ Aveiro, Dept Environm & Planning, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal.
e-mail address alexandra.monteiro@ua.pt
funding agency and grant number FEDER through the COMPETE Programme; FCT - Science and Technology Portuguese Foundation [SFRH/BD/87468/2012, SFRH/BD/101660/2014, SFRH/BD/112343/2015, SFRH/BPD/40620/2007]; project MAPLIA [PTDC/AAG-MAA/4077/2012]; European Community Fund FEDER; North Regional Coordination and Development Commission (CCDR-N)
funding text The authors wish to thank the North Regional Coordination and Development Commission (CCDR-N) for their support. Also, the authors would like to acknowledge the financial support of FEDER through the COMPETE Programme and the national funds from FCT - Science and Technology Portuguese Foundation for the PhD grant of C. Gama (SFRH/BD/87468/2012), H. Relvas (SFRH/BD/101660/2014), C. Silveira (SFRH/BD/112343/2015) and the post doc grant of J. Ferreira (SFRH/BPD/40620/2007). The funding of the research project MAPLIA (PTDC/AAG-MAA/4077/2012), supported in the scope of the Competitiveness Factors Thematic Operational Programme (COMPETE) of the Community Support Framework III and by the European Community Fund FEDER, is also acknowledged.
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cited reference count 23
publisher PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
publisher city OXFORD
publisher address THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
issn 1352-2310
29-character source abbreviation ATMOS ENVIRON
iso source abbreviation Atmos. Environ.
publication date FEB
year published 2016
volume 127
beginning page 196
ending page 204
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.12.043
page count 9
web of science category Environmental Sciences; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
subject category Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
document delivery number DE6VC
unique article identifier WOS:000370770700022
link http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.12.043