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title Support for the evolutionary speed hypothesis from intraspecific population genetic data in the non-biting midge Chironomus riparius
authors Oppold, AM; Pedrosa, JAM; Balint, M; Diogo, JB; Ilkova, J; Pestana, JLT; Pfenninger, M
author full name Oppold, Ann-Marie; Pedrosa, Joao A. M.; Balint, Miklos; Diogo, Joao B.; Ilkova, Julia; Pestana, Joao L. T.; Pfenninger, Markus
title Support for the evolutionary speed hypothesis from intraspecific population genetic data in the non-biting midge Chironomus riparius
nationality internacional
source PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
language English
document type Article
author keywords intraspecific diversity; neutral evolution; population differentiation; speciation
keywords plus MOLECULAR EVOLUTION; DNA POLYMORPHISM; DROSOPHILA-MELANOGASTER; MUTATION ACCUMULATION; EXTREME TEMPERATURE; FINITE POPULATION; FLOWERING PLANTS; AIR-TEMPERATURE; LIFE-HISTORY; GENOMIC DNA
abstract The evolutionary speed hypothesis (ESH) proposes a causal mechanism for the latitudinal diversity gradient. The central idea of the ESH is that warmer temperatures lead to shorter generation times and increased mutation rates. On an absolute time scale, both should lead to an acceleration of selection and drift. Based on the ESH, we developed predictions regarding the distribution of intraspecific genetic diversity: populations of ectothermic species with more generations per year owing to warmer ambient temperatures should be more differentiated from each other, accumulate more mutations and show evidence for increased mutation rates compared with populations in colder regions. We used the multivoltine insect species Chironomus riparius to test these predictions with cytochrome oxidase I (COI) sequence data and found that populations from warmer regions are indeed significantly more differentiated and have significantly more derived haplotypes than populations from colder regions. We also found a significant correlation of the annual mean temperature with the population mutation parameter 0 that serves as a proxy for the per generation mutation rate under certain assumptions. This pattern could be corroborated with two nuclear loci. Overall, our results support the ESH and indicate that the thermal regime experienced may be crucially driving the evolution of ectotherms and may thus ultimately govern their speciation rate.
author address [Oppold, Ann-Marie; Pfenninger, Markus] Goethe Univ Frankfurt, Inst Ecol Evolut & Divers, Mol Ecol Grp, Hessen, Germany; [Oppold, Ann-Marie; Balint, Miklos; Diogo, Joao B.; Pfenninger, Markus] Senckenberg Biodivers & Climate Res Ctr, Frankfurt, Hessen, Germany; [Pedrosa, Joao A. M.; Pestana, Joao L. T.] Univ Aveiro, Depy Biol, Campus Univ Santiago, P-3800 Aveiro, Portugal; [Pedrosa, Joao A. M.; Pestana, Joao L. T.] Univ Aveiro, CESAM, Campus Univ Santiago, P-3800 Aveiro, Portugal; [Pedrosa, Joao A. M.] Senckenberg Res Inst, Conservat Genet Grp, Gelnhausen, Hessen, Germany; [Ilkova, Julia] Bulgarian Acad Sci, Inst Biodivers & Ecosyst Res, Sofia, Bulgaria
reprint address Oppold, AM (reprint author), Goethe Univ Frankfurt, Inst Ecol Evolut & Divers, Mol Ecol Grp, Hessen, Germany.; Oppold, AM (reprint author), Senckenberg Biodivers & Climate Res Ctr, Frankfurt, Hessen, Germany.
e-mail address ann-marie.oppold@senckenberg.de
researcherid number CESAM, UA/M-3762-2015
funding agency and grant number DFG [PF390/7-1]; FEDER through COMPETE-Programa Operacional Factores de Competitividade; National funding through FCT-Fundacao para a Ciencia e Tecnologia, within the research project MIDGE-MIcroevolutionary Dynamics and Genetic Erosion in pollution-affected Chironomus populations [FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-008954]; FCT; POPH/FSE [SFRH/BPD/45342/2008, SFRH/BD/75606/2010]
funding text Funding was provided by DFG (PF390/7-1). Furthermore, this work was also partly supported by FEDER through COMPETE-Programa Operacional Factores de Competitividade, and by National funding through FCT-Fundacao para a Ciencia e Tecnologia, within the research project MIDGE-MIcroevolutionary Dynamics and Genetic Erosion in pollution-affected Chironomus populations (FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-008954). We also thank FCT and POPH/FSE for the fellowships of J.L.T. Pestana (SFRH/BPD/45342/2008) and J.A.M. Pedrosa (SFRH/BD/75606/2010).
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cited reference count 71
publisher ROYAL SOC
publisher city LONDON
publisher address 6-9 CARLTON HOUSE TERRACE, LONDON SW1Y 5AG, ENGLAND
issn 0962-8452
29-character source abbreviation P ROY SOC B-BIOL SCI
iso source abbreviation Proc. R. Soc. B-Biol. Sci.
publication date FEB 24
year published 2016
volume 283
issue 1825
article number 20152413
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1098/rspb.2015.2413
page count 8
web of science category Biology; Ecology; Evolutionary Biology
subject category Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Evolutionary Biology
document delivery number DJ4WC
unique article identifier WOS:000374207800018