HOME  »  Members  »  Integrated  »  Researchers
title Modelling indoor air quality: validation and sensitivity
authors Silva, S; Monteiro, A; Russo, MA; Valente, J; Alves, C; Nunes, T; Pio, C; Miranda, AI
author full name Silva, S.; Monteiro, A.; Russo, M. A.; Valente, J.; Alves, C.; Nunes, T.; Pio, C.; Miranda, A. I.
title Modelling indoor air quality: validation and sensitivity
nationality internacional
language English
document type Article
author keywords Indoor air quality; Modelling; CONTAM; Schools; Human health
abstract The main objective of this work is to extend the knowledge of indoor air quality by using a numerical tool to calculate the concentrations of pollutants in the indoor air of a classroom. The application of a numerical model allowed to quantitatively assess the impact of several proposed improvement measures, through the simulation of scenarios. The numerical model CONTAM was used to characterise the indoor air quality in a classroom of an elementary school, in terms of concentrations of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and particulate matter. The results of the CONTAM simulations were compared to measurements performed during monitoring campaigns (SINPHONIE project). The simulated and measured carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide concentrations inside the classroom are in good agreement. Furthermore, for particulate matter, simulated values show a significant difference from measured values, which are higher overall. With the goal of maximising the indoor air quality of the classroom, several alternative scenarios were simulated. The door and windows of the classroom were opened or closed at different times for each scenario. The scenario promoting the best indoor air quality (i.e. with the lowest concentrations of carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide) is the one in which the door is only open to allow students to get in and out of the room, and the window is kept half-open during the entire day.
author address [Silva, S.; Monteiro, A.; Russo, M. A.; Valente, J.; Alves, C.; Nunes, T.; Pio, C.; Miranda, A. I.] Univ Aveiro, Dept Environm & Planning, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal
reprint address Monteiro, A (reprint author), Univ Aveiro, Dept Environm & Planning, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal.
e-mail address alexandra.monteiro@ua.pt
funding agency and grant number CESAM [UID/AMB/50017]; FCT/MEC; FEDER [POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007638]; Directorate General for Health and Consumer Affairs (DG SANCO)
funding text Thanks are due, for the financial support, to CESAM (UID/AMB/50017), to FCT/MEC through national funds, and the co-funding by the FEDER (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007638), within the PT2020 Partnership Agreement and Compete 2020. The authors are also grateful to the Directorate General for Health and Consumer Affairs (DG SANCO) for funding the SINPHONIE project.
cited references Abidin EZ, 2014, AIR QUAL ATMOS HLTH, V7, P421, DOI 10.1007/s11869-014-0252-0; Agarwal N, 2016, BUILD ENVIRON, V102, P73, DOI 10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.03.015; Albuquerque M, 2016, SCI TOTAL ENVIRON, V543, P439, DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.11.064; Almeida SM, 2011, ATMOS ENVIRON, V45, P7594, DOI 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.11.052; Alves C, 2013, AEROSOL AIR QUAL RES, V13, P1521, DOI 10.4209/aaqr.2012.11.0321; Borrego C, 2000, P INT IGBP SEM GLOB; Bradman A, 2017, INDOOR AIR, V27, P104, DOI 10.1111/ina.12283; Broome RA, 2015, ENVIRON RES, V143, P19, DOI 10.1016/j.envres.2015.09.007; Carslaw N, 2007, ATMOS ENVIRON, V41, P1164, DOI 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.09.038; Dols W S, 2015, 1887 NIST; Dongarra G, 2010, ATMOS ENVIRON, V44, P5244, DOI 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.08.041; Gallego E, 2009, J ENVIRON SCI-CHINA, V21, P333, DOI 10.1016/S1001-0742(08)62273-1; Geiss O, 2008, EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT; Gulia S, 2015, ATMOS POLLUT RES, V6, P286, DOI 10.5094/APR.2015.033; Guo Z, 2000, SIMULATION TOOL KIT; Jardim D, 2015, METODOLOGIA AVALIACA; Kim JL, 2011, J KOREAN MED SCI, V26, P166, DOI 10.3346/jkms.2011.26.2.166; Mendez M, 2015, ATMOS ENVIRON, V122, P521, DOI 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.10.025; Miao Q, 2015, ARCH ENVIRON OCCUP H, V70, P47, DOI 10.1080/19338244.2014.904266; Missia DA, 2010, ATMOS ENVIRON, V44, P4388, DOI 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.07.049; Pegas PN, 2012, ATMOS ENVIRON, V55, P80, DOI 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.03.059; Qian J, 2008, J AIR WASTE MANAGE, V58, P502, DOI 10.3155/1047-3289.58.4.502; Rumchev K, 2007, WIT TR BIOMED HEALTH, V11, P25, DOI 10.2495/EHR070031; Santos J C, 2010, THESIS; Saraga DE, 2014, ATMOS POLLUT RES, V5, P431, DOI 10.5094/APR.2014.050; Schweizer C, 2007, J EXPO SCI ENV EPID, V17, P170, DOI 10.1038/sj.jes.7500490; Siddique S, 2011, AIR QUAL ATMOS HLTH, V4, P95, DOI 10.1007/s11869-010-0079-2; Smith KR, 2008, AIR QUAL ATMOS HLTH, V1, P17, DOI 10.1007/s11869-008-0010-2; Solomon PA, 2012, AIR QUAL ATMOS HLTH, V5, P9, DOI 10.1007/s11869-011-0161-4; THATCHER TL, 1995, ATMOS ENVIRON, V29, P1487, DOI 10.1016/1352-2310(95)00016-R; USEPA, 1989, REP C IND AIR QUAL, V2; WHO, 2010, GUID IND AIR QUAL SE, V9; Yang W, 2009, J ENVIRON MANAGE, V90, P348, DOI 10.1016/j.jenvman.2007.10.003
cited reference count 33
publisher city CHAM
publisher address GEWERBESTRASSE 11, CHAM, CH-6330, SWITZERLAND
issn 1873-9318
29-character source abbreviation AIR QUAL ATMOS HLTH
iso source abbreviation Air Qual. Atmos. Health
publication date JUN
year published 2017
volume 10
issue 5
beginning page 643
ending page 652
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1007/s11869-016-0458-4
page count 10
web of science category Environmental Sciences
subject category Environmental Sciences & Ecology
document delivery number EV3AV
unique article identifier WOS:000401630200010
link http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11869-016-0458-4