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title Overtaking on migration: does longer distance migration always incur a penalty?
authors Alves, JA; Gunnarsson, TG; Potts, PM; Gelinaud, G; Sutherland, WJ; Gill, JA
author full name Alves, Jose A.; Gunnarsson, Tomas G.; Potts, Peter M.; Gelinaud, Guillaume; Sutherland, William J.; Gill, Jennifer A.
title Overtaking on migration: does longer distance migration always incur a penalty?
nationality internacional
source OIKOS
language English
document type Article
keywords plus BREEDING SUCCESS; TAILED GODWITS; ARRIVAL DATE; BIRDS; CONSEQUENCES; PERFORMANCE; PATTERNS; MIGRANT; FITNESS; RETURN
abstract For many migratory bird species, the latitudinal range of the winter distribution spans thousands of kilometres, thus encompassing considerable variation in individual migration distances. Pressure to winter near breeding areas is thought to be a strong driver of the evolution of migration patterns, as individuals undertaking a shorter migration are generally considered to benefit from earlier arrival on the breeding grounds. However, the influence of migration distance on timing of arrival is difficult to quantify because of the large scales over which individuals must be tracked. Using a unique dataset of individually-marked Icelandic black-tailed godwits Limosa limosa islandica tracked throughout the migratory range by a network of hundreds of volunteer observers, we quantify the consequences of migrating different distances for the use of stop-over sites and timing of arrival in Iceland. Modelling of potential flight distances and tracking of individuals from across the winter range shows that individuals wintering further from the breeding grounds must undertake a stop-over during spring migration. However, despite travelling twice the distance and undertaking a stop-over, individuals wintering furthest from the breeding grounds are able to overtake their conspecifics on spring migration and arrive earlier in Iceland. Wintering further from the breeding grounds can therefore be advantageous in migratory species, even when this requires the use of stop-over sites which lengthen the migratory journey. As early arrival on breeding sites confers advantages for breeding success, the capacity of longer distance migrants to overtake conspecifics is likely to influence the fitness consequences of individual migration strategies. Variation in the quality of wintering and stopover sites throughout the range can therefore outweigh the benefits of wintering close to the breeding grounds, and may be a primary driver of the evolution of specific migration routes and patterns.
author address [Alves, Jose A.; Gill, Jennifer A.] Univ E Anglia, Sch Biol Sci, Norwich NR4 7TJ, Norfolk, England; [Gunnarsson, Tomas G.] Univ Iceland, S Iceland Res Ctr, IS-800 Selfoss, Iceland; [Gunnarsson, Tomas G.] Gunnarsholt, IS-851 Hella, Iceland; [Potts, Peter M.] Farlington Ringing Grp, Southampton SO31 9HF, Hants, England; [Gelinaud, Guillaume] Bretagne Vivante SEPNB, FR-56860 Brouel Kerbihan, Sene, France; [Sutherland, William J.] Univ Cambridge, Dept Zool, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, England
reprint address Alves, JA (reprint author), Univ E Anglia, Sch Biol Sci, Norwich NR4 7TJ, Norfolk, England.
e-mail address j.alves@uea.ac.uk
researcherid number Sutherland, William/B-1291-2013
funding agency and grant number Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation; Arcadia Fund; NERC
funding text We are very thankful to Colin Pennycuick for creating Flight, providing constant help and support and commenting on the paper, Theunis Piersma for helpful comments and Jose Pedro Granadeiro for kindly providing access to laboratory facilities. Particular thanks to all the observers who report sightings of colour-ringed godwits. This work was supported by funding from Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation (JAA), the Arcadia Fund (WJS) and NERC (JAG).
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cited reference count 39
times cited 7
total times cited count (wos, bci, and cscd) 7
publisher WILEY-BLACKWELL
publisher city HOBOKEN
publisher address 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
issn 0030-1299
isbn 1600-0706
iso source abbreviation OIKOS
publication date MAR
year published 2012
volume 121
issue 3
ending page 464
article number 470
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.19678.x
book digital object identifier (doi) 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.19678.x
web of science category 7
subject category Ecology
document delivery number Environmental Sciences & Ecology
unique article identifier 900HH
link http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.19678.x
CESAM authors