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title Hypogenic versus epigenic subterranean ecosystem: lessons from eastern Iberian Peninsula
authors Sendra, A; Garay, P; Ortuno, VM; Gilgado, JD; Teruel, S; Reboleira, ASPS
author full name Sendra, Alberto; Garay, Policarp; Ortuno, Vicente M.; Gilgado, Jose D.; Teruel, Santiago; Reboleira, Ana Sofia P. S.
title Hypogenic versus epigenic subterranean ecosystem: lessons from eastern Iberian Peninsula
nationality internacional
language English
document type Article
author keywords subterranean ecosystem; hypogene speleogenesis; epigenic hypogenic karst caves; troglobiont fauna; biodiversity patterns
abstract Over the last 40 years, hypogenic karst/caves have become well known and hypogene speleogenesis has been used to explain the formation of some of the largest subterranean maze caves. These hypogenic systems involve confined aquifers with upwards flow, responsible for their karstification. Such spaces begun and could be remain isolated from the surface and the contiguous subterranean habitats, including the shallow ones. We studied the invertebrate fauna and the geology/speleogenesis of two recently opened caves from Eastern Iberian Peninsula, which clearly showed features of hypogenic origin. Their scarce faunistic composition, formed by non cave-adapted fauna, is similar to other hypogenic caves from Europe and North America, suggesting that there are restrictions for faunal colonization of the hypogenic subterranean ecosystems. We propose differentiating the hypogenic from the epigenic subterranean ecosystem based on the fact that the first one lacks fauna during its genesis. This new scenario may have consequences in the regional biodiversity patterns of troglobiont species.
author address [Sendra, Alberto; Ortuno, Vicente M.; Gilgado, Jose D.] Univ Alcala De Henares, Dept Ciencias Vida, Alcala De Henares, Spain; [Sendra, Alberto; Teruel, Santiago] Asociass Estudi Patrimoni Subterrani, Valencia, Spain; [Garay, Policarp] Univ Valencia, Dept Geol, E-46003 Valencia, Spain; [Reboleira, Ana Sofia P. S.] Univ Aveiro, Dept Biol, Aveiro, Portugal; [Reboleira, Ana Sofia P. S.] Univ Aveiro, CESAM, Aveiro, Portugal; [Reboleira, Ana Sofia P. S.] Univ La Laguna, Dept Biol Anim, E-38207 San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain
reprint address Sendra, A (reprint author), Univ Alcala De Henares, Dept Ciencias Vida, Alcala De Henares, Spain.
e-mail address alberto.sendra@uv.es
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cited reference count 65
publisher city BOLOGNA
publisher address VIA ZAMBONI 67, BOLOGNA, 40126, ITALY
issn 0392-6672
29-character source abbreviation INT J SPELEOL
iso source abbreviation Int. J. Speleol.
publication date SEP
year published 2014
volume 43
issue 3
beginning page 253
ending page 264
digital object identifier (doi) 10.5038/1827-806X.43.3.2
page count 12
web of science category Geology; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
subject category Geology
document delivery number AW9UO
unique article identifier WOS:000346603400003