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title Highly disjunct and highly infected millipedes - a new cave-dwelling species of Chiraziulus (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Cambalidae) from Iran and notes on Laboulbeniales ectoparasites
authors Reboleira, ASPS; Hosseini, MJM; Sadeghi, S; Enghoff, H
author full name Reboleira, Ana Sofia P. S.; Hosseini, Mohamad Javad Malek; Sadeghi, Saber; Enghoff, Henrik
title Highly disjunct and highly infected millipedes - a new cave-dwelling species of Chiraziulus (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Cambalidae) from Iran and notes on Laboulbeniales ectoparasites
nationality internacional
language English
document type Article
author keywords Cave-adapted; troglobiont; karst; Zagros; Iran; ectoparasitic fungus
abstract Chiraziulus is a highly disjunct, hitherto monotypic genus of cambalid millipedes, geographically isolated in Iran by more than 7000 km from its presumed closest relatives in East Asia and North America. Recent fieldwork in caves of Iran has provided several specimens of this genus, allowing the description of Chiraziulus troglopersicus sp. nov. The intraspecific variability of the type species, C. kaiseri Mauries, 1983, is illustrated with scanning electron micrographs. Chiraziulus is characterized by exceedingly long microtrichose gonopod flagella which from their insertion points on the posterior face of the anterior gonopod coxites first point distad instead of basad or basad-posteriad as in most other flagelliferous Cambalidea (and Julida), then traverse a groove on the mesal surface of the anterior gonopod coxites, making a full (360 degrees) loop. The same feature is also illustrated for the first time in the genus Cambala. The patterns and prevalence of the infection with a species of ectoparasitic fungus of the genus Rickia (order Laboulbeniales) in the type material of C. kaiseri is described. An updated review of the cave-adapted fauna of Iran is given.
author address [Reboleira, Ana Sofia P. S.; Enghoff, Henrik] Univ Copenhagen, Nat Hist Museum Denmark, Zool Museum, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark; [Hosseini, Mohamad Javad Malek] Payame Noor Univ, Dept Biol, Yasuj, Iran; [Sadeghi, Saber] Shiraz Univ, Coll Sci, Dept Biol, Shiraz, Iran
reprint address Reboleira, ASPS (reprint author), Univ Copenhagen, Nat Hist Museum Denmark, Zool Museum, Univ Pk 15, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark.
e-mail address sreboleira@snm.ku.dk
funding agency and grant number Danish Council for Independent Research [DFF-FNU 4002-00269]; Iran National Science Foundation [INSF-89002421]
funding text This project was funded by the Danish Council for Independent Research, ref. DFF-FNU 4002-00269 and the Iran National Science Foundation (INSF-89002421). Dr. Carles Ribera donated the specimens of C. kaiseri from Sarab Cave, Dr. R.M. Shelley, Radford, North Carolina, donated specimens of Cambala annulata and Nannolene keiferi, and Dr. Nesrine Akkari kindly loaned specimens deposited in NHMW. Dr. Sergi Santamaria, Barcelona, kindly confirmed the generic affiliation of the ectoparasitic fungus. We are indebted to Mr. Gholam Reza Haghbin and the environmental monitoring station officers of the Khaeiz protected area that guided MJMH to the cave with warm hospitality.
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cited reference count 28
publisher city PARIS
issn 2118-9773
29-character source abbreviation EUR J TAXON
iso source abbreviation Eur. J. Taxon.
publication date OCT 22
year published 2015
volume 146
beginning page 1
ending page 18
digital object identifier (doi) 10.5852/ejt.2015.146
page count 18
web of science category Zoology
subject category Zoology
document delivery number CU6WQ
unique article identifier WOS:000363676100001
link http://www.europeanjournaloftaxonomy.eu/index.php/ejt/article/view/268/515