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  • Authors Reboleira, ASPS; Hosseini, MJM; Sadeghi, S; Enghoff, H
  • Author Full Name Reboleira, Ana Sofia P. S.; Hosseini, Mohamad Javad Malek; Sadeghi, Saber; Enghoff, Henrik
  • Title Highly disjunct and highly infected millipedes - a new cave-dwelling species of Chiraziulus (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Cambalidae) from Iran and notes on Laboulbeniales ectoparasites
  • Nationality internacional
  • Source EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TAXONOMY
  • Language English
  • Document Type Article
  • Author Keywords Cave-adapted; troglobiont; karst; Zagros; Iran; ectoparasitic fungus
  • Keywords Plus CRUSTACEA-AMPHIPODA; JULIDA; GENUS; NEMASOMATIDAE; GENITALIA; REVISION
  • Abstract Chiraziulus is a highly disjunct, hitherto monotypic genus of cambalid millipedes, geographically isolated in Iran by more than 7000 km from its presumed closest relatives in East Asia and North America. Recent fieldwork in caves of Iran has provided several specimens of this genus, allowing the description of Chiraziulus troglopersicus sp. nov. The intraspecific variability of the type species, C. kaiseri Mauries, 1983, is illustrated with scanning electron micrographs. Chiraziulus is characterized by exceedingly long microtrichose gonopod flagella which from their insertion points on the posterior face of the anterior gonopod coxites first point distad instead of basad or basad-posteriad as in most other flagelliferous Cambalidea (and Julida), then traverse a groove on the mesal surface of the anterior gonopod coxites, making a full (360 degrees) loop. The same feature is also illustrated for the first time in the genus Cambala. The patterns and prevalence of the infection with a species of ectoparasitic fungus of the genus Rickia (order Laboulbeniales) in the type material of C. kaiseri is described. An updated review of the cave-adapted fauna of Iran is given.
  • Author Address [Reboleira, Ana Sofia P. S.; Enghoff, Henrik] Univ Copenhagen, Nat Hist Museum Denmark, Zool Museum, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark; [Hosseini, Mohamad Javad Malek] Payame Noor Univ, Dept Biol, Yasuj, Iran; [Sadeghi, Saber] Shiraz Univ, Coll Sci, Dept Biol, Shiraz, Iran
  • Reprint Address Reboleira, ASPS (reprint author), Univ Copenhagen, Nat Hist Museum Denmark, Zool Museum, Univ Pk 15, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark.
  • E-mail Address sreboleira@snm.ku.dk
  • Funding Agency and Grant Number Danish Council for Independent Research [DFF-FNU 4002-00269]; Iran National Science Foundation [INSF-89002421]
  • Funding Text This project was funded by the Danish Council for Independent Research, ref. DFF-FNU 4002-00269 and the Iran National Science Foundation (INSF-89002421). Dr. Carles Ribera donated the specimens of C. kaiseri from Sarab Cave, Dr. R.M. Shelley, Radford, North Carolina, donated specimens of Cambala annulata and Nannolene keiferi, and Dr. Nesrine Akkari kindly loaned specimens deposited in NHMW. Dr. Sergi Santamaria, Barcelona, kindly confirmed the generic affiliation of the ectoparasitic fungus. We are indebted to Mr. Gholam Reza Haghbin and the environmental monitoring station officers of the Khaeiz protected area that guided MJMH to the cave with warm hospitality.
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  • Cited Reference Count 28
  • Publisher MUSEUM NATL HISTOIRE NATURELLE
  • Publisher City PARIS
  • Publisher Address SERVICE PUBLICATIONS SCIENTIFIQUES, 57 RUE CUVIER, 75005 PARIS, FRANCE
  • ISSN 2118-9773
  • Character Source Abbreviation EUR J TAXON
  • ISO Source Abbreviation Eur. J. Taxon.
  • Publication Date OCT 22
  • Year Published 2015
  • Volume 146
  • Beginning Page 1
  • Ending Page 18
  • Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.5852/ejt.2015.146
  • Page Count 18
  • Web of Science Category Zoology
  • Subject Category Zoology
  • Document Delivery Number CU6WQ
  • Unique Article Identifier WOS:000363676100001
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