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title Innovative Visualizations Shed Light on Avian Nocturnal Migration
authors Shamoun-Baranes, J; Farnsworth, A; Aelterman, B; Alves, JA; Azijn, K; Bernstein, G; Branco, S; Desmet, P; Dokter, AM; Horton, K; Kelling, S; Kelly, JF; Leijnse, H; Rong, JJ; Sheldon, D; Van den Broeck, W; Van den Meersche, JK; Van Doren, BM; Gasteren, H
author full name Shamoun-Baranes, Judy; Farnsworth, Andrew; Aelterman, Bart; Alves, Jose A.; Azijn, Kevin; Bernstein, Garrett; Branco, Sergio; Desmet, Peter; Dokter, Adriaan M.; Horton, Kyle; Kelling, Steve; Kelly, Jeffrey F.; Leijnse, Hidde; Rong, Jingjing; Sheldon, Daniel; Van den Broeck, Wouter; Van den Meersche, Jan Klaas; Van Doren, Benjamin Mark; van Gasteren, Hans
title Innovative Visualizations Shed Light on Avian Nocturnal Migration
nationality internacional
source PLOS ONE
language English
document type Article
keywords plus WESTERN NORTH-ATLANTIC; BIRD MIGRATION; RADAR OBSERVATIONS; WEATHER RADARS; FLIGHT; INFORMATION; WIND; AEROECOLOGY; ECOLOGY; NETWORK
abstract Globally, billions of flying animals undergo seasonal migrations, many of which occur at night. The temporal and spatial scales at which migrations occur and our inability to directly observe these nocturnal movements makes monitoring and characterizing this critical period in migratory animals' life cycles difficult. Remote sensing, therefore, has played an important role in our understanding of large-scale nocturnal bird migrations. Weather surveillance radar networks in Europe and North America have great potential for long-term low-cost monitoring of bird migration at scales that have previously been impossible to achieve. Such long-term monitoring, however, poses a number of challenges for the ornithological and ecological communities: how does one take advantage of this vast data resource, integrate information across multiple sensors and large spatial and temporal scales, and visually represent the data for interpretation and dissemination, considering the dynamic nature of migration? We assembled an interdisciplinary team of ecologists, meteorologists, computer scientists, and graphic designers to develop two different flow visualizations, which are interactive and open source, in order to create novel representations of broad-front nocturnal bird migration to address a primary impediment to long-term, large-scale nocturnal migration monitoring. We have applied these visualization techniques to mass bird migration events recorded by two different weather surveillance radar networks covering regions in Europe and North America. These applications show the flexibility and portability of such an approach. The visualizations provide an intuitive representation of the scale and dynamics of these complex systems, are easily accessible for a broad interest group, and are biologically insightful. Additionally, they facilitate fundamental ecological research, conservation, mitigation of human-wildlife conflicts, improvement of meteorological products, and public outreach, education, and engagement.
author address [Shamoun-Baranes, Judy; Dokter, Adriaan M.; van Gasteren, Hans] Univ Amsterdam, Inst Biodivers & Ecosyst Dynam, Computat Geoecol, Amsterdam, Netherlands; [Farnsworth, Andrew; Kelling, Steve; Van Doren, Benjamin Mark] Cornell Lab Ornithol, Informat Sci, Ithaca, NY USA; [Aelterman, Bart; Azijn, Kevin; Desmet, Peter] Res Inst Nat & Forest, Informat & Data Ctr, Brussels, Belgium; [Alves, Jose A.] Univ Aveiro, CESAM, Aveiro, Portugal; [Alves, Jose A.] Univ Iceland, South Iceland Res Ctr, Selfoss, Iceland; [Bernstein, Garrett; Sheldon, Daniel] Univ Massachusetts, Coll Informat & Comp Sci, Amherst, MA 01003 USA; [Branco, Sergio] Univ Minho, Dept Elect Engn, Guimaraes, Portugal; [Horton, Kyle; Kelly, Jeffrey F.] Univ Oklahoma, Oklahoma Biol Survey, Norman, OK 73019 USA; [Leijnse, Hidde] Royal Netherlands Meteorol Inst, De Bilt, Netherlands; [Rong, Jingjing; Sheldon, Daniel] Mt Holyoke Coll, S Hadley, MA 01075 USA; [Van den Broeck, Wouter] iMinds, Ghent, Belgium; [Van Doren, Benjamin Mark] Wildly Mild, Ninove, Belgium
reprint address Shamoun-Baranes, J (reprint author), Univ Amsterdam, Inst Biodivers & Ecosyst Dynam, Computat Geoecol, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
e-mail address shamoun@uva.nl
funding agency and grant number National Science Foundation [IIS-1125098]; COST - European Cooperation in Science and Technology through the Action 'European Network for the Radar Surveillance of Animal Movement' (ENRAM) [ES1305]; iMinds and Wildly Mild
funding text National Science Foundation Award IIS-1125098 supported research in the US. Additional funding for US research came from Leon Levy Foundation (leonlevyfoundation.org). The funders provided support in the form of salaries for authors AF, SK, but did not have any additional role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Costs for travel, accommodation and local organization of workshops and short research visits were funded in part by COST - European Cooperation in Science and Technology through the Action ES1305 'European Network for the Radar Surveillance of Animal Movement' (ENRAM). The commercial entities iMinds and Wildly Mild funded the salaries of WVdB and JKVDM, respectively, during part of this study; however, these organizations did not play a role in study design, data collection, analysis, publication decision, of manuscript preparation. The specific roles of these authors are articulated in the 'author contributions' section.
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cited reference count 53
publisher PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
publisher city SAN FRANCISCO
publisher address 1160 BATTERY STREET, STE 100, SAN FRANCISCO, CA 94111 USA
issn 1932-6203
29-character source abbreviation PLOS ONE
iso source abbreviation PLoS One
publication date AUG 24
year published 2016
volume 11
issue 8
article number e0160106
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1371/journal.pone.0160106
page count 15
web of science category Multidisciplinary Sciences
subject category Science & Technology - Other Topics
document delivery number DU5NI
unique article identifier WOS:000382258100008
link http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160106
CESAM authors