Currently in testing mode

  • Authors Campos, D; Gravato, C; Quintaneiro, C; Soares, AMVM; Pestana, JLT
  • Author Full Name Campos, Diana; Gravato, Carlos; Quintaneiro, Carla; Soares, Amadeu M. V. M.; Pestana, Joao L. T.
  • Title Responses of the aquatic midge Chironomus riparius to DEET exposure
  • Nationality internacional
  • Source AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY
  • Language English
  • Document Type Article
  • Author Keywords Personal care products; Freshwater insects; Emergent pollutants; Biochemical responses; N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide
  • Keywords Plus INSECT REPELLENT DEET; N,N-DIETHYL-M-TOLUAMIDE DEET; ODORANT RECEPTOR; AEDES-AEGYPTI; ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE ACTIVITY; CULEX-QUINQUEFASCIATUS; LIFE-HISTORY; TOXICITY; GLUTATHIONE; MOSQUITO
  • Abstract N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET) is the active ingredient of many commercial insect repellents. Despite being detected worldwide in effluents, surface water and groundwater, there is still limited information on DEET's toxicity toward non-target aquatic invertebrates. Thus, our main objective was to assess the effects of DEET in the life cycle of Chironomus riparius and assess its biochemical effects. Laboratory assays showed that DEET reduced developmental rates (reduced larval growth, delayed emergence) of C. riparius larvae and also caused a decrease in the size of adult midges. Concerning the biochemical responses, a short exposure to DEET caused no effects in lipid peroxidation, despite the significant inhibition of catalase and glutathione-S-transferase activities and of total glutathione contents. Moreover, inhibition of acetylcholinesterase activity was also observed showing neurotoxic effects. Environmental risk assessment of insect repellents is needed. Our results showed moderate toxicity of DEET toward C. riparius, however, due to their mode of action, indirect ecological effects of DEET and of other insect repellents cannot be excluded and should be evaluated. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Author Address [Pestana, Joao L. T.] Univ Aveiro, Dept Biol, Campus Univ Santiago, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal; Univ Aveiro, CESAM, Campus Univ Santiago, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal
  • Reprint Address Pestana, JLT (reprint author), Univ Aveiro, Dept Biol, Campus Univ Santiago, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal.
  • E-mail Address jpestana@ua.pt
  • ResearcherID Number Soares, Amadeu/A-8304-2008; CESAM, UA/M-3762-2015; Gravato, Carlos Alexandre/D-4261-2013
  • ORCID Number Soares, Amadeu/0000-0003-0879-9470; Gravato, Carlos Alexandre/0000-0003-0562-6945
  • Funding Agency and Grant Number Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) [CESAM: UID/AMB/50017/2013]; FCT [SFRH/BD/87370/2012, SFRH/BPD/45342/2008, SFRH/BPD/89951/2012]; POPH/FSE (Programa Operacional Potencial Humano/Fundo Social Europeu) [IF/1401/2014]
  • Funding Text This work was supported by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) through CESAM: UID/AMB/50017/2013. FCT also financed a doctoral grant to Diana Campos (SFRH/BD/87370/2012), a post-doctoral research grant to Joao L.T. Pestana (SFRH/BPD/45342/2008) and Carla Quintaneiro (SFRH/BPD/89951/2012). We also thank FCT and POPH/FSE (Programa Operacional Potencial Humano/Fundo Social Europeu) for the contract of C. Gravato (IF/1401/2014).
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  • Cited Reference Count 51
  • Publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
  • Publisher City AMSTERDAM
  • Publisher Address PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
  • ISSN 0166-445X
  • Character Source Abbreviation AQUAT TOXICOL
  • ISO Source Abbreviation Aquat. Toxicol.
  • Publication Date MAR
  • Year Published 2016
  • Volume 172
  • Beginning Page 80
  • Ending Page 85
  • Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.aquatox.2015.12.020
  • Page Count 6
  • Web of Science Category Marine & Freshwater Biology; Toxicology
  • Subject Category Marine & Freshwater Biology; Toxicology
  • Document Delivery Number DD7GS
  • Unique Article Identifier WOS:000370092300009
CESAM - Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar - Universidade de Aveiro

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