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title Photoprotection in a monophyletic branch of chlorophyte algae is independent of energy-dependent quenching (qE)
authors Christa, G; Cruz, S; Jahns, P; de Vries, J; Cartaxana, P; Esteves, AC; Serodio, J; Gould, SB
author full name Christa, Gregor; Cruz, Sonia; Jahns, Peter; de Vries, Jan; Cartaxana, Paulo; Esteves, Ana Cristina; Serodio, Joao; Gould, Sven B.
title Photoprotection in a monophyletic branch of chlorophyte algae is independent of energy-dependent quenching (qE)
nationality internacional
language English
document type Article
author keywords Chlorophyta; nonphotochemical quenching (NPQ); photoprotection; photosynthetic pigments; stress physiology; xanthophyll cycle (XC)
abstract Phototrophic organisms need to ensure high photosynthetic performance whilst suppressing reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced stress occurring under excess light conditions. The xanthophyll cycle (XC), related to the high-energy quenching component (qE) of the nonphotochemical quenching (NPQ) of excitation energy, is considered to be an obligatory component of photoprotective mechanisms. The pigment composition of at least one representative of each major clade of Ulvophyceae (Chlorophyta) was investigated. We searched for a light-dependent conversion of pigments and investigated the NPQ capacity with regard to the contribution of XC and the qE component when grown under different light conditions. A XC was found to be absent in a monophyletic group of Ulvophyceae, the Bryopsidales, when cultivated under low light, but was triggered in one of the 10 investigated bryopsidalean species, Caulerpa cf. taxifolia, when cultivated under high light. Although Bryopsidales accumulate zeaxanthin (Zea) under high-light (HL) conditions, NPQ formation is independent of a XC and not related to qE. qE- and XC-independent NPQ in the Bryopsidales contradicts the common perception regarding its ubiquitous occurrence in Chloroplastida. Zea accumulation in HL-acclimated Bryopsidales most probably represents a remnant of a functional XC. The existence of a monophyletic algal taxon that lacks qE highlights the need for broad biodiversity studies on photoprotective mechanisms.
author address [Christa, Gregor; de Vries, Jan; Gould, Sven B.] Heinrich Heine Univ Dusseldorf, Mol Evolut, D-40225 Dusseldorf, Germany; [Christa, Gregor; Cruz, Sonia; Cartaxana, Paulo; Esteves, Ana Cristina; Serodio, Joao] Univ Aveiro, Dept Biol, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal; [Christa, Gregor; Cruz, Sonia; Cartaxana, Paulo; Esteves, Ana Cristina; Serodio, Joao] Univ Aveiro, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal; [Jahns, Peter] Heinrich Heine Univ Dusseldorf, Plant Biochem & Stress Physiol, D-40225 Dusseldorf, Germany; [de Vries, Jan] Dalhousie Univ, Dept Biochem & Mol Biol, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada
reprint address Christa, G (reprint author), Heinrich Heine Univ Dusseldorf, Mol Evolut, D-40225 Dusseldorf, Germany.; Christa, G (reprint author), Univ Aveiro, Dept Biol, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal.; Christa, G (reprint author), Univ Aveiro, CESAM, P-3810193 Aveiro, Portugal.
e-mail address Gregor.Christa@ua.pt
researcherid number Cartaxana, Paulo/A-2063-2012; Esteves, Ana Cristina/B-2939-2008
orcid number Cartaxana, Paulo/0000-0001-5088-843X; Esteves, Ana Cristina/0000-0003-2239-2976; Cruz, Sonia/0000-0003-4775-8161; de Vries, Jan/0000-0003-3507-5195
funding agency and grant number German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD); Foundation of Science and Technology (FCT) [IF/00899/2014/CP1222/CT0010, BPD/102572/2014]; German Research Foundation (DFG) [GO1825/4-1, JA665/11-1, VR 132/1-1]; Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies [UID/AMB/50017]; FCT/Ministry of Science and Education; European Fund For Regional Development; European Research Council [ERC 666053]
funding text Financial support for this work was provided by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) to G.C. (P.R.I.M.E.), the Foundation of Science and Technology (FCT) to S.C. (IF/00899/2014/CP1222/CT0010) and A.C.E. (BPD/102572/2014), and the German Research Foundation (DFG) to S.B.G. (GO1825/4-1), P.J. (JA665/11-1) and J.d.V. (VR 132/1-1). For financial support, thanks are due to Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (UID/AMB/50017), FCT/Ministry of Science and Education through national funds, and the co-funding by European Fund For Regional Development, within the PT2020 Partnership Agreement and Compete 2020. We thank Margarethe Stracke, Angela Doevenspeck-Schuler, Silja Frankenbach and William Schmitt for help with measurements and algal culture, and William F. Martin for infrastructure and financial support (European Research Council, ERC 666053) of our work.
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cited reference count 81
times cited 1
total times cited count (wos, bci, and cscd) 1
publisher WILEY
publisher city HOBOKEN
publisher address 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
issn 0028-646X
29-character source abbreviation NEW PHYTOL
iso source abbreviation New Phytol.
publication date MAY
year published 2017
volume 214
issue 3
special issue SI
beginning page 1132
ending page 1144
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1111/nph.14435
page count 13
web of science category Plant Sciences
subject category Plant Sciences
document delivery number EW3ND
unique article identifier WOS:000402403900022