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title Screening of mycotoxin multicontamination in medicinal and aromatic herbs sampled in Spain
authors Santos, L; Marin, S; Sanchis, V; Ramos, AJ
author full name Santos, Liliana; Marin, Sonia; Sanchis, Vicente; Ramos, Antonio J.
title Screening of mycotoxin multicontamination in medicinal and aromatic herbs sampled in Spain
nationality nacional
language English
document type Article
author keywords mycotoxins; co-occurrence; ELISA; herbs
abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to screen the multicontamination by mycotoxins in a wide variety of aromatic and/or medicinal herb samples collected in Spain. Mycotoxins studied were aflatoxins (All's), ochratoxin A (OTA), zearalenone (ZEA), deoxynivalenol (DON), T-2 toxin (T-2), citrinin and fumonisins (FBs). Mycotoxins were analysed by ELISA after a clean-up step with multifunctional columns (AFs, ZEA, DON, FBs and T-2) or polyamide column (citrinin). RESULTS: Of the 84 samples analysed 99% were contaminated with T-2,98% with ZEA, 96% with AFs, 63% with OTA, 62% with DON, 61% with citrinin and 13% with FBs. Nearly 87% of samples contained four or more mycotoxins simultaneously, being All's, T-2 and ZEA the mycotoxins co-existing in almost every sample. 100% of the samples in our study were multicontaminated. CONCLUSION: This study shows that this kind of commodity could be an important source of mycotoxin contamination and, in general, this contamination is not limited to only one group of mycotoxins. Mycotoxin contamination on artichoke immature florets, boldus leaves, burdock leaves, dandelion plant, frangula bark, ginkgo leaves, lemon verbena leaves, olive leaves, red tea leaves, ribgrass leaves, St Mary's thistle seeds, spearmint leaves, star anise fruit, vervain and white tea leaves has been described for the first time. Finally, this is the first report on DON and T-2 presence in herbs. No study of this kind has been previously developed in Spain. (C) 2009 Society of Chemical Industry
author address [Santos, Liliana; Marin, Sonia; Sanchis, Vicente; Ramos, Antonio J.] Univ Lleida, Dept Food Technol, XaRTA UTPV, Lleida 25198, Spain
reprint address Ramos, AJ (reprint author), Av Alcalde Rovira Roure 191, Lleida 25198, Spain.
e-mail address ajramos@tecal.udl.es
researcherid number sanchis, vicente/B-3752-2011; Ramos, Antonio J./B-3934-2011; Marin, Sonia/B-8295-2011; Santos, Liliana/G-6478-2013; Marin, Sonia/G-1013-2012
orcid number sanchis, vicente/0000-0001-9889-8098; Ramos, Antonio J./0000-0002-2830-8299; Marin, Sonia/0000-0002-0714-6155; Santos, Liliana/0000-0002-4453-5766; Marin, Sonia/0000-0002-0714-6155
funding agency and grant number Spanish and Catalonian (XaRTA - Reference Network on Food Technology) Government [AGL 2007-66416-C05-03]
funding text The authors are grateful to the Spanish (Project AGL 2007-66416-C05-03) and Catalonian (XaRTA - Reference Network on Food Technology) Government for their financial support. We thank A. van Ginkel for her collaboration in the collection of herb samples and her valuable technical advice.
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cited reference count 28
times cited 36
total times cited count (wos, bci, and cscd) 36
publisher city CHICHESTER
issn 0022-5142
29-character source abbreviation J SCI FOOD AGR
iso source abbreviation J. Sci. Food Agric.
publication date AUG 15
year published 2009
volume 89
issue 10
beginning page 1802
ending page 1807
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1002/jsfa.3647
page count 6
web of science category Agriculture, Multidisciplinary; Chemistry, Applied; Food Science & Technology
subject category Agriculture; Chemistry; Food Science & Technology
document delivery number 470RN
unique article identifier WOS:000267997500022
autores membros do CESAM