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title Co-occurrence of aflatoxins, ochratoxin A and zearalenone in Capsicum powder samples available on the Spanish market
authors Santos, L; Marin, S; Sanchis, V; Ramos, AJ
author full name Santos, L.; Marin, S.; Sanchis, V.; Ramos, A. J.
title Co-occurrence of aflatoxins, ochratoxin A and zearalenone in Capsicum powder samples available on the Spanish market
nationality nacional
source FOOD CHEMISTRY
language English
document type Article
author keywords Paprika; Chilli; Aflatoxin; Ochratoxin A; Zearalenone
keywords plus PERFORMANCE LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY; NATURAL OCCURRENCE; SPICES; CONTAMINATION; MYCOTOXINS; PEPPER; ELISA; HPLC; RED; B-1
abstract The aim of this study was to determine the co-occurrence of aflatoxins (AFs), ochratoxin A (OTA) and zearalenone (ZEA) in paprika and chilli samples purchased in Spain, using HPLC with fluorescence detection. The occurrence of mycotoxin in 64 paprika samples was 59% for AFs, 98% for OTA and 39% for ZEA, whereas in the 35 chilli samples, the contamination was 40% for AFs, 100% for OTA and 46% for ZEA. None of the samples had AFs levels higher than the legally allowable limits. Regarding the co-occurrence of mycotoxins, 75% of paprika samples and 65% of chilli samples contained more than one mycotoxin. Chilli samples generally had lower concentrations of AFB1, AFB2, total AFs and OTA than had paprika samples. The high incidence of OTA contamination suggests that additional legislation may be required to for these kinds of spices. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
author address [Santos, L.; Marin, S.; Sanchis, V.; Ramos, A. J.] Univ Lleida, Dept Food Technol, XaRTA UTPV, Lleida 25198, Spain
reprint address Ramos, AJ (reprint author), Univ Lleida, Dept Food Technol, XaRTA UTPV, Av Alcalde Rovira Roure 191, Lleida 25198, Spain.
e-mail address ajramos@tecal.udl.es
researcherid number sanchis, vicente/B-3752-2011; Ramos, Antonio J./B-3934-2011; Marin, Sonia/B-8295-2011; Santos, Liliana/G-6478-2013; Marin, Sonia/G-1013-2012;
orcid number sanchis, vicente/0000-0001-9889-8098; Ramos, Antonio J./0000-0002-2830-8299; Marin, Sonia/0000-0002-0714-6155; Santos, Liliana/0000-0002-4453-5766; Marin, Sonia/0000-0002-0714-6155; zaraat, javad/0000-0001-5341-7481
funding agency and grant number Spanish Government [AGL2007-66416-C05-03]; Catalonian Govenrment
funding text We are grateful for funding provided by the Spanish Government (Project AGL2007-66416-C05-03) and the Catalonian Govenrment (XaRTA-Reference Network on Food Technology). We also thank G. Cano for collecting samples and P. Westerman for grammatical review.
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cited reference count 30
times cited 46
total times cited count (wos, bci, and cscd) 47
publisher ELSEVIER SCI LTD
publisher city OXFORD
publisher address THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, OXON, ENGLAND
issn 0308-8146
29-character source abbreviation FOOD CHEM
iso source abbreviation Food Chem.
publication date OCT 1
year published 2010
volume 122
issue 3
beginning page 826
ending page 830
digital object identifier (doi) 10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.03.070
page count 5
web of science category Chemistry, Applied; Food Science & Technology; Nutrition & Dietetics
subject category Chemistry; Food Science & Technology; Nutrition & Dietetics
document delivery number 605OU
unique article identifier WOS:000278357700053
autores membros do CESAM